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Lecture 2

Lecture 2 - Thucydides' "Funeral Oration"

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University of Toronto St. George
Victoria Wohl

Athenians born from soil of Atticaautochthony yo Hephaestus and Athena birth of Erichthonius from seed and soil first king ofAthens virgin birthSelectivity of Athenian citizenship needs bloodline both parents citizens y Attitude towards women origin myth not needed for birth y 510 Athenian democracy established directradical y Every office with exception of generals chosen by lot and rotated every year every citizen has ychance in every positionDmokratiadmos people and kratos rule y Shift from rule of aristocracy to democracy disgruntled rich aristocrats yo aristokratia aristoibest people WantedDemocracy open only to male Athenian citizens y 4310end of first year of Peloponnesian War y Thucydides Funeral OrationEpitaphios Logos yo Speech over the graves of the deadKleosimmortal glory y Funeral Oration a collective kleosfighting and dying for city collective glory y Few concrete details about the war in oration yo Point more of moral values rather than fact and strategy o Abstract level of ideals what we are fighting forDirect window into Athenian ideals and selves y Pericles delivered oration recorded by Thucydides in his History of the Peloponnesian War yo Whose words really o Thucydides wrote most of his histories 20some years after the speech admits difficulties of accuracy o Stylistically like works of Thucydides o Allows him to set up
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