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Lecture

Aristophanes' Clouds

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Department
Classics
Course
CLA232H1
Professor
Victoria Wohl
Semester
Winter

Description
04.06.11 Aristophanes Clouds - Extreme form of alterity (scapegoat) o One individual forced to embody all differences and by his banishment, homogeneity restored to society - Fantasy of sameness blood brotherhood, womenless world, panhellenism - Impossible to get rid of live without differences - Differences of opinions despite equality in rights - Dream of homogeneity existed with tolerance for the other (Athens) - Athenian autochthony ~ Metics, new men; exist with them - Democracy stable for so long but end of 5 c., oligarchic coups broke out - Through literature, their drama, Athenians able to deal with their differences - Villainized the Other to define set up self (negative lessons) - Positive lessons = how to be a good man - Others = gadflies to their horses (= Athenian culture) o To make them more alert, awake - Sophrosune, sanity (Bacchus >> Pentheus) - 423 BCE, Clouds by Aristophanes - Sophists rise in Athens start in this period (5 c.) - Traditional vs. Sophistic education o Sophists moral relativism and emphasis on rhetoric - Clouds became
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