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Lecture 5

CLA233 Lecture 5 Notes

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University of Toronto St. George
Michael J.Dewar

CLA233 Lecture 5 Notes Roman Economy - is the city parasitical – main economy is in the countryside and with city consumes much of the products – however the city kept chickens and pigs – some production - for the most part thy city was parasitic – however there were many trade goods produced - influential Roman citizen – patron of trade good production - for the most part – people ate what was produced – produced enough to trade a certain amount to cover the cost of what they could not produce (had to buy) – otherwise there was not much surplus in produce - surplus was disproportionately consumed by Rome - in country – people generally poorer – in town, surplus accumulated and was spent in the city of Rome - surplus was small and distorted – spent money in ways that were socially conditioned - unable to store too much – therefore not much surplus produced – did not think in terms of future investments - most farmers looked at what the neighbours were doing – not a truly capitalistic economy – more socially content - aristocrats – different social concerns – must have higher social standing – competed for prestige and status – made sure money was safe and then spent it - careful weighing of opportunity and risk – Pliny – to buy and extra plot of land – could use money to spend on city and look “big” – but the investment may pay off - must invest carefully – have enough to spend in the city and ensure status compared with the other aristocrats – concern with status - hierarchal – social conditioning – cannot lose face in front of other Romans Animal Herders - Varro – quoting Cossinius - if you have large estate – way to arrange slaves in keeping sheep/cattle safe - trail/mountain pastures – mainly rural society – further from farm, more exposed to danger - danger comes from both wild animals and robbers - in a society where people are poor – a cow is valuable - armed – fear attack from people, as well as wolves and other wild animals - in Varro’s time wolves and bears are common – by this time there are no lions - assumption that there is no problem with child labour on the farm – assumed that entire community is involved in production - rich people owned many slaves – engage in agriculture, housework – can also hire slaves and free people during harvest/agricultural season - did not worry about how to get produce to the market because there were people to do that for them – as well as those who work in fields/vineyards – harvest weeks - slaves and free people may be provided by contractor – work together in fields – often have technically free people doing work that slaves did because they were poor and had no choice – did not like it however The Help - servant Corax – servant and not a slave – free man who worked temporarily - Corax – poor and needed work – but not a slave – h
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