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Lecture 8

CLA233 Lecture 8 Not

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Michael J.Dewar

CLA233 Lecture 8 Notes Housing - domus – “house” - insula – “apartment” - villa – “farm house” – could be small or large – “atrium house” - fauces – narrow passage beyond the door - atrium – name comes from the blackened walls where the hearth was – central open area where guests were entertained - tablinum – little room beyond the atrium - cubicula – pl. - peristyle – “columns round-about” - taberna – “shops” – “tavern” - cenacula – pl. Domus - housing was incredibly varied - atrium house – idealized – difficult to determine how many people lived in a domus/house - evidence – outside of Rome – domus as a dominant form of habitation – proof of Pompeii - countryside – shack, tiny houses, or villas that vary in size - villages – domus - city of Rome – real estate was expensive – insula/apartment building - evidence – insula not solely the habitation of the poor – variety of apartments where people of different social classes lived - examine domus as an emblem – symbolic representation of the Roman family - domus from street – very few windows – fortress of a sort – no police force, therefore this is partly in defence - possibility of burglary – heavy and carefully constructed door - binary opposition – domus as division – community vs. family - power of paterfamilias – domus as private space of familia – strong division - blank walls with narrow passage and door - atrium – large open space – roof does not cover it completely – open area – originally the place where the hearth was - ater – “blackened by smoke” - atrium is the place where the house is open to the public - tablinum – little room at the back of atrium – where the paterfamilias would keep the family records – debate about this being where the paterfamilias discussed things with the public – atrium vs. tablinum - impluvuim – open area in atrium – light area - rules for entering the house – how far to enter into the house, not being family - farther in – more honoured and close to the family you are - territory more private as you go further in – Roman dining rooms are at the back - House of Pansa – just how big and complex a domus could be - peristyle – “columns round about” – allow more light in the house – inside it is open to the air – privacy oriented – presented as the ‘countryside’ in the house - plant trees, statues – inside – no courtyards, etc. - three or four different dining rooms - shops – either rented or family slaves used them – built into the house – taberna - public and private, town and country, business and pleasure – binary opposition in the house - to move the business one has outside the house indicates status - business of the woman in house – housework, supervise slaves, education of daughters – unclear what women did exactly during the day – even unknown there the woman wove the clothes – lanifica – if the loom was set up in the atrium or in the back of the house - house operated as family space but during the day, the house was partially open to the public - unclear who lived in the house – if it was common for adult children and grandchildren to live in the house – how many, if any, guest bedrooms there were - shrine of the household gods often in fauces - House of the Surgeon – names so because of the number of surgical instruments found in it Insula - apartment building – likely lived in unpleasant conditions most of the time - as many as six storeys high - hundreds of complex, multilevel insula - insula – Latin for “island” - no city authority to limit the number of people to live in one apartment – therefore no idea how many people lived in one insula – likely very crowded - often built quic
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