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Lecture 5

Lecture 5.docx

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Michael J.Dewar

Lecture 5: Work January 22 , 2013  Commerce limited - Country  ate what they made  Commerce was the countryside - This is where the produced all the goods - City also was productive i) Trade goods ii) Manufactures - Most families were poor i) They grew and ate what they needed  What they couldn’t grow, they traded - Too much consumed (disproportioned to what they produced) i) Roman city  luxuries compared to countryside  Socially conditioned  Country  don’t invest in future years (a)Can’t refrigerate (obv)  invested for the years (b)Looked at neighbours  see how much they had  substancial food or not (i) Not capitalist  content R1: Animal-herders [Cossinius said you should use] older men for the larger animals, and for the smaller ones even boys, and in both cases the ones who are occupied in the trails should be sturdier than the ones who go back every day to the farm. This is why you can see, in the mountain pastures, young men who are usually armed, while on the farms it is not just boys but also girls who tend the animals. Varro, On Agriculture 2. 10  How to keep safe the animals (imp  closer to farm, outside  the cattle  armed = fearing attack by both wolves and human attacks) o Wolves, lions (Greece), bears  No problem to child exploitation o Girls  little tasks, boys more (if you can eat, you can work) = assumption by varro o Farming  not only diff due to weather but also animals/human attack  Rich ppl  owned a lot of slaves o Also hire slaves + freedmen for various jobs  In practice  roman very conscious about class and standing R2: The Help But Giton wilted under his unacccustomed burden, and the servant Corax, who always shirked his duties, kept setting down his bundle and cursing us for walking so quickly. He said that he would either dump the luggage or make off with the load. ‘Do you think I’m a packhorse or a barge for transporting stones”’ he asked. ‘You hired me to do a man’s job, not a horse’s. I’m as free an individual as you are, even if my father did leave me impoverished.’ He wasn’t satisfied with cursing us; from time to time he would lift his leg high, and fill the road with disgusting noises and smells. Giton kept laughing at his shameless behaviour; he would greet the sound of each fart with a matching raspberry (‘singulos crepitus eius pari clamore prosequebatur’). Petronius, The Satyricon 117 (Tr. P. G. Walsh, Oxford World’s Classics (1997), p. 112)  Servant  right to quit - Slave  does what he is told i) otherwise suffer consequences - servant  poor but needs to work but can quit work if unbearable  corax  servant  free but poor - disgruntled about treatment (he thinks its beneath him) - society  effects economy - city i) completely diff ii) city sophisticated more than country R3: Tradesmen and Craftsmen Wherever you go nowadays you see more wagons in front of a city mansion than you find around a farmyard. That’s a perfectly glorious sight, though compared with the time when the tradesmen come for their money. The clothes-cleaner, the tailor, the goldsmith, the woollen-worker – they’re all hanging around. And there are the dealers in flounces and underclothes, and bridal veils, in violet dyes and yellow dyes, or muffs, or balsam-scented foot-gear; and then the lingerie people drop in on you, along with shoe-makers and squatting cobblers and slipper and sandal merchants and dealers in mallow dyes; and the belt-makers flock around, and the girdle-makers al
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