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CLa233-Jan 12 2012.docx

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Erik Gunderson

CLA233- Lecture Jan. 12, 2012 Who was a Roman Citizen?  Originally: Farmers, shepherds, and craftsmen on the banks of Tiber  People who immigrated to the city  Members of colonies established in Italy and Abroad  Members of foreign communities to whom citizenship was granted  Soldiers who had served for 25 years  After 212 AD: basically everyone in the empire  Athenians – born of two parents who are citizens- if one parent is not they are not Athenianthis is not home Rome works  Sense that Romans expand  Roman expansion of Romaness and then they add people to the Roman franchise  They don’t ask them to sacrifice too much  After 212 AD massive grant of citizenship to everyone- everyone is a Roman What does Rome mean?  Early: a central Italian city with a special form of government: a senatorial oligarchy  Later: the seat of a military monarchy and a vast and expanding empire  Also: - a military power with military interests  - a colonial power  -an economic power  Senatorial government- originally a closed aristocracy  Born into this class- other people did not get to hold office- these people had a monopoly over political  Colonial poweras a colonial power the right of citizenship becomes a political tool- Romans offer it as a carrot- extension of the franchise to other people is the carrot  They ask small number of things from people- small sacrifices- loyalty- call on them later on  Vocal elites now have powerful backers  Quiet appropriation- military power is happy to kill you if they need to but there is another aspect of the Romans  200 000 Romans in 500BC  5.9 Million citizens- 5 centuries later The ages of Roman history  Early: from the settlement to the foundation of the republic (Second millennium BCE to 500 BCE)  The Republican period: 500 BCE- 30 BCE  The age of emperors: 30 BCE- 476 CEThe early period subdivided  The iron age (900-700 BCE)  The orientalising (i.e. “eastern”) period  The Archaic period (get dates) The Republican Period  Early (500-287 BCE): in 287 BCE legislation passed by the commoners becomes binding on the elites as well. “Two cities in one” before then  Classical (287-133 BCE): relatively stable and expansive  Revolutionary (133-30 BCE): A series of social and political crises Livy’s story of early Rome  Not the only available story of early Rome- a lot of different stories of how Rome began were available to Romans- people have been telling and retelling these stories for centuries  Romulus- the first King of Rome (some scholars begin history from him)  Another scholarTalks about Rome as a Greek city- the Romans are a tribe of the Greeks  Tried to demonstrate that Latin was just a dialect of Greek  Livy says- there’s almost no solid evidence for this period- a kind of fiction- people have been able to fill it in  They tend to tell the story of Rome as a whole- wherever they chose to start up until today- comprehensive history of Rome  Tends to be about today and yesterday  Livy was a first prominent Roman historian that was not a politician  Started writing before 29 BCE- he is writing right around the time at the end of the extreme crisis period- reflective of his story  142 books originally scope of Roman History  A history of people and personalities- not a lot of original research leans on established story that others have said before him  Literary figure – a novelist- he’s writing a monumental history  He is a Roman- who are we and where did we come from is what he cares about  Livy’s talking about the relationship between the past and the present  Humble person trying to capture the greatness of Rome  Goes back over 700 years from nothing to the present- who could possibly capture this  Imagining the reader- saying they don’t care about early Rome – detached and uninterested in it-they will wish to hurry to more modern times – want to hear about their own culture  Looking in to the past is a way of looking away from the present  Books 1-5 have a different statist  Interested in the kinds of lives out ancestors lived What is the real beginning of Rome> the Trojan war?- Aemilius encounter with people in Italy? Romulus and Remus?- all are correct- there are multiple beginnings  Aemilius and latinus  Is Rome hostel and aggressive or is it people coming together and what makes them come together- or is it I want what I want get out of my way  Aemilius drives out his brother- kills his nephews  Vestle virgin gets pregnant- she was raped-mars she declared was her fatherlivy’s comment perhaps she believed it- used it for her guilt  Were Romans from Romulus-Romulus came from the virgin- was she raped by a God or a man?- ->depends on who you ask  Infants are exposed because they are politically inconvenient- left to drown – they don’t drown- a she wolf comes up and offers them to tits to suckle upon and this saves them  Another story the wolf has suckled them and falstulous took the baby’s and gave them to his wife- laurentia was a common whore and called wolf by the other  Is it a magical thing or a horrible thing? A wolf taking care of children or a whore?  Different stories- one where they are scumbags and the other where they are not  Livy tells this story but also doesn’t tell this story  The boys have a kind of Robin hood early existence- head of a gang- young toughs in the countryside-their birth is discovered and then the brothers decided on
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