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CLA233-march 29 2012.docx

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Erik Gunderson

CLA233-Lecture March 29, 2012 Polytheists  Religion under the emperors  Men and women participate in religion differently  How is religion used in public space> is it available?  Labels can be extremely misleading  Isis that you worship in Rome and Isis that you worship in Egypt are different figuresmeans different things  Not exactly foreignexotic and strange elements to it not part of Roman religion but not part of Egyptian religion either  Established figures not okay with novelty  New cults considered foreign and criminal because they are new  Immediate hostel reaction to something newcenturies later what had seemed new and radical and dangerous is now normal and apart of being Roman  When do the elites adopt it?-->when they do its not longer a scary sex cult  Old religion is older and more traditionalcontrolled by the elites, chief offices are held by chief people of the state  State religion in the imperial agecontrolled by emperor  Once more integrated becomes less of a problem  Romans prize being able to think simultaneously  The new cultthey are new and different by definitionthis offers new opportunities for personal fulfillment  Gives new opportunities for personal participation  New and different social connections that wouldn’t be available in older religions  Not either or not exclusiveyou can go to multiple shrines and multiple festivals and participate broadly  Other religions tend to be narrow and exclusive  If its going to be official the emperor has to back it he’s head of the state religiontradition overseen by him  Half of the temples in the imperial period are dedicated to emperors  Religion and politics not separate In Rome  Used to Romanize roman games roman offices some of the first things to show up  Romans don’t demand that you surrender your old traditions but as you to take on theirs  Promotion of emperors by emperorsthey have religious innovations  African emperor promoting a religion that’s his religion on one hand and quasi traditional on the other  Pushing traditions that mark them and who they are- Emperors  Interventions in religions  The common man and womena lot of roles for the ordinary citizens in Roman religion  Sacrificial specialist, musician, specialist etc.--> all required but not prestige jobs  Makes people proud of their service and feel incorporated  Limitations in older religions more openings in new ones  Male members of the senatorial order and absent from elected newer cultsslow to adopt them  Women have more roles in the new cults->provide opportunities and women take them up on the offers not dominated by women though  New temples are built but only when they are officially being embraced  Before then, physical built outside the city  Parades and festivals even with no templesbecome visible in that way  Isis has distinctive identitysanctuary to Isis to Rome, you can see from the outside but if you want to go inside you have to get initiated  Egypt within Romevery Egyptian inside this temple  Different levels of initiation  Very viable religion but also if you don’t participate in it you don’t understand the images and symbols apart of it  Multiculturalism of these relig
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