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Jan 11-18 notes -Intro/Livy Book 1 [antisigma slide notes incl.]

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University of Toronto St. George
Erik Gunderson

Roman-ness Who was a Roman Citizen? o Originally: Farmers, shepherds, and craftsmen on the banks of the Tiber o People who immigrated to the city. o Members of colonies established in Italy and abroad o Members of foreign communities to whom citizenship was granted. o Soldiers who had served for 25 years. o After 212 AD: basically everyone in the empire. What Does Rome Mean? o Early: a central Italian city with a special from of government: a senatorial oligarchy o Later: the seat of a military monarchy and a vast and expanding empire. o Also: A military power with military interests A colonial power An economic power The Ages of Roman History o Early: from the settlement to the foundation of the republic (Second millennium BCE to 500 BCE) o The Republican period: 500 BCE - 30 BC o The age of emperors: 30 BCE - 476CE The Early Period Subdivided o The iron age (900-700 BCE) o The orientalising (i.e. eastern) period (700-580 BCE) o The Archaic period (580-480 BCE) The Republican Period o Early (500-287BCE): in 287 BCE legislation passed by the commoners becomes binding on the elites as well. Two cities in one before then. o Classical (287-133BCE): relatively stable and expansive. o Revolutionary (133-30BCE): a series of social and political crises. Livy Book 1 he was not born in Rome (instead one of the provinces) only Roman historian who was not a politician (he was not active in political affairs) started writing in 29BC. There are 142 books in all. The last book ends in his own lifetime. his books should be read as novels, not as a history books. He writes them like he tells a story; it has stories of prominent individuals and abstract forces Themes to Consider: What is history? Who are we? Where did we come from? Its a story of power and social cohesion The origin of things that physically exist in Livys world (he often references objects and places in his time and gives a backstory for them) Common:
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