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Jan 20&25 - Livy Book 2 [antisigma slide notes incl.]

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Erik Gunderson

Roman Expansion, Society and Assembly Expansion Southern Front: o Carthage o Three Major Wars o 264-241; 218-201; 149-146BC o 2nd Punic war sees the invasion and destruction of Italy itself o 3rd Punic War sees the destruction of Carthage Eastern Front: o Greece: Macedonian Wars (215-148BC) Series of interventions liberated Greece is a protectorate o Egypt: Ptolemaic rulers propped up by Rome Land in Asia minor bequeathed to Rome (133) Northern and Western Fronts: o Spanish provinces in 197BC o Annexation of southern Gaul in 121BC o Gallic Wars 58-51BC (Caesar is general) Society Archaic Society from a Sociological Standpoint o Struggling hierarchal aristocratic community o Organized by tribes with Etruscan names o Populus of Rome conceived of a fighting organization-it meant the army (warrior citizen) o Closed aristocracy at first - virtual monopoly on political and religious rights o Roman constitution changes over time Family o Extended (mom, dad, kids, slaves) o In aristocracy, your clients and patrons are your extended families o Duty of attendance for the clients o The patron defends the client in court o Whole cities could fall under the protection of a patron Who was a Roman Citizen? o Originally: Farmers, shepherds, and craftsmen on the banks of the Tiber o People who immigrated to the city. o Members of colonies established in Italy and abroad o Members of foreign communities to whom citizenship was granted. o Soldiers who had served for 25 years. o After 212 AD: basically everyone in the empire. What does Rome mean? o Early: a central Italian city with a special from of government: a senatorial oligarchy o Later: the seat of a military monarchy and a vast and expanding empire.
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