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2. January 17th.docx

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Erik Gunderson

th January 17 Roman expansion - Southern front: o Carthage o Three major wars o 264-241; 218-201; 149-146 BC o 2 Punic war sees the invasion and devastation of Italy itself o 3 Punic war results in destruction of Carthage o Rome is “helping” a friend who needs their help, while their friend really had their own ideals…this is Roman intervention. o When Rome intervenes, they never leave the place, which is why there is so much expansion - Eastern front: o Greece  Macedonian wars (215-148 BC)  Series of “interventions”  “Liberated” Greece is a protectorate o Egypt  Ptolemaic rulers propped up by Rome  Land is Asia Minor  “Bequeathed” to Rome (133 BC) - Northern and Western Fronts o Spanish provinces in 197 BC o Intervention in and annexation of southern Gaul in 121 BC o Gallic wars 58-51 BC (Caesar is General) Roman Assemblies - Types of assemblies o Comitia Curiata o Comitia Centuriata o Comitia Tributa - Comitia curiata o Archaic o Patricians organised into 30 curiae o Had exclusive power to grant imperium o A vestigial assembly in the republic: ratify decisions of the comitia centuriata - Comitia Centuriata o The “army” assembly o Overseen by the consuls o Divided by property o Heavily weighted towards rich o Unequal distribution of members in each century  “inequality cornerstone of Roman life o No power to propose intiatives - Comitia Tributa/Concilium plebis o The tribal assembly o Overseen by the tribunes o 35 tribes; 4 urban o Legislative powers o The most “democratic” element of the republican constitution Patrons and Clients - Economical - Patrons do something for clients, vice versa - Patron would stand up for client in court - Client would attend upon the patron, especially when running for office. - Patrons are aristocratic usually while clients are the common man - Clients are supposed to vote for their patrons, no secret ballet initially so these votes could be forced Livy continued (Book 1) - End of book 1 is the beginning of the Republic - All offices actually remain the same - Social themes  Roman values, continuity between orders - Women, spectacles, managing the appearance of the world etc. - Rise of Tarquin, succession of Servius, and fall of Tarquinius Superbus - Two major themes for early Rome, the war-like Romulus and pious Numa o All the kings are rated in these aspects by Livy - Ancus starts like Numa and ends like Romulus - Every time Rome wins over a territory, the people of the area or transferred over to Rome. “Following custom” - Constantly growing city, Lucomo  ends up being Tarquin. o Immigrant, ambitious, Rome land of opportunity o Leaves his native land to settle in Rome, father actually exiled Greek o Tanaquil urges him to leave, she is a king-maker several times over.  Aristocratic young woman who was not to give up her lifestyle which she had grown accustomed to. o Wanted
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