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Livy Book 2

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Erik Gunderson

CLA 233: Week 3: Lecture 1 BACKGROUND INFORMATION The Augustan Revolution When Caesar is assassinated, Octavian is the heir apparent. He works immediately on becoming an even better caesar. -Overview of the life: Born Octavian in 63 BCE Named Julius Caesars heir in 44 BCE Defeats Antonius at Actium in 31 BCE: he now has no rivals for power Receives the title Augustus in 27 BCE and imperium for 10 years Receives his core powers in 23 BCE Dies in 14 CE -The rise: Aggressively pursues power granted to him by Caesars will Mobilizes Caesars clients Takes up arms against Caesars assassins Takes up arms against Antonius his former ally Secures broad military and political influence Legitimizes his position -The strategies: Aggregate existing powers rather than claim new ones Multiple simultaneous powers Offices held in succession Monopolize key military commands Benefaction Euphemism: never admit that there is substantial change afoot Dont die -The key powers: imperium proconsulare: power over the army imperium consulare: power over the city of Rome tribunicia potestas: the right to veto anything multiple consulships He mobilizes all Caesars clients in order to kill the assassins of Caesar, and then against Antonius at Actium. He first secures broad military and political influence, but legitimizes it unlike Caesar.
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