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CLA260H1F (Lecture One).docx

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CLA260H1F (METHOD AND THEORY OF CLASSICS)  January 11 2012 th What is Classics? Greece  Major Chronological Periods Bronze Age: c. 3000 – c. 1200 B.C. Iron (or Dark) Age: c. 1200 – c. 800 B.C. Archaic Period: c. 800 – c. 480 B.C. Classical Period: c. 480 – c. 323 B.C. Hellenistic Period: c. 323 onwards Minoans on Crete: c. 2000 B.C. Hellenistic Period begins with the death of Alexander the Great. Rome  Major Chronological Periods Iron Age: c. 900 – c. 750 B.C.E. ‘Regnal’ Period: c. 750 –c. 500 B.C.E. Roman Republic: c. 500 – c. 31 B.C.E. The Principate: c. 31 B.C.E. – late 3D c. C.E. Late Antiquity: roughly the 4 TH – 7THc. C.E. Rome expulses their Kings and forms the Republic. CLA260H1F (METHOD AND THEORY OF CLASSICS)  January 13 TH 2012 Momigliano  Italian and Anglo Scholarship Engagement with people of Greek and Roman World ever since our predecessors learned this material. Greek Culture used Latin Texts Romans were heavily influenced by the Greeks and the spread of their culture has saved both civilizations Engaging with centuries of work based upon the research of our predecessors Dominance of Roman culture and Latin textual Greek importance from the conquests of Alexander the Great Greek important language of bureaucracy and aristocratic elite (administration)  trade and diplomacy (Egypt + Northern Syria) TH Romans exposed to Greek Culture (6 c.) Exposed by the Etruscans (Northern) Direct contact with Greek Sicilians Roman culture to east and west Latin as a language of bureaucracy Eastern Mediterranean remained a Greek identity Well educated Romans had to learn Greek Western Empire (Western North Africa, Britain) remain with a Latin identity Latin  Language of the Church After fall of Western Empire, they maintain a Latin identity Classical part is unifying in Europe to show intellectual prowess (Latin) TH  400 A.D. (18 c.) Latin  Education, administration, method of communication  Run centralized kingdoms  Being part of the social elite University Kingdoms  12 THcentury Cicero  Teaching = Model of a Proper Male Aristocrat Roman past dominated by Latin texts Textual not physical context Aristotle’s thought of Philosophy + Science in Western Europe (Latin translation) (18 century) Winkelmann: Set a clear distinction of Latin and Greek Art Preference for Hellenistic texts German (Conventional Latin education) Hellenists centered in Germany Germans identified with small states who shared a cultural identity with no single power French Kings (16 THc.) deliberately represented Roman identity in order to assert their power French Kings are rid of, Their political theory is dominated by Greek Napoleon
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