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Session 3 History of the discipline.doc

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University of Toronto St. George
Ben Akrigg

CLA260H1S Method and Theory in Classics Session 3: History of the discipline Relevant material in chapters 1, 27 and 28 in the textbook; further bibliography at the end of the latter two. On the history of classical scholarship, at least note the names of Ulrich von Wilamowitz- Möllendorff (1848-1931) and Arnaldo Momigliano (1908-1987). In addition to that bibliography, you may also want to see the essays in Hugh Lloyd-Jones Blood for the Ghosts: Classical Influences in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries and his Classical Survivals: the Classics in the Modern World (both Duckworth 1982); and Stuart Piggott Ruins in a Landscape: Essays in Antiquarianism (Edinburgh University Press 1976). • What we study as ‘Classics’ today is not just the ancient Greek and Roman world – it is heavily influenced by how people in the times since classical antiquity have understood and used the classical past. o This is even (obviously) true within the classical period itself – our understanding of the Greek world has been heavily shaped by (and to a large degree owes its existence to) the Romans’ enthusiasm for many aspects of Greek culture. • Alexander the Great’s conquests at the end of the 4 century BCE spread Greek culture and language all around the eastern Mediterranean and through much of the Near East. Greek becomes and remains an important language of administration in this area (although it does not completely replace Aramaic). th • The Romans are influenced by the Greeks from the 6 century BCE onwards, both indirectly through their Etruscan neighbours to the north and directly by the Greek cities to their south. The Romans’ conquests ultimately establish their culture and language across the whole of the Mediterranean and well beyond. Latin becomes the key language of administration throughout the western empire; the eastern e
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