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Lecture 9

Lecture 9 - Epigraphy II/Papyrology

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University of Toronto St. George
Christian Campbell

CLA260H1S Epigraphy II/Papyrology July 25/12 Foundation of Cyrene - 7th Century BC • Inscription dates to the 4th century, but claims to be of the 7th century (or at least to paraphrase an inscription from that time) • Cyrene was a Theran colony • According to Herodotus the Cyreneans and Thorns give conflicting stories of foundation • Inscription is non-stoichedon • Lays claim to tehran citizenship rights • Conscription of Libyan colony • Death penalty for those fleeing conscription, or those harboring conscripts • Herodotus tells where stories differ • Gives theraean account which is pretty similar to the inscription • Cyreneans tell totally different story that focuses more on Battus and glorifies him • Theran version • Government initiation • Members conscripted randomly by lot • More institutional • Cyrenean account more personal, less institutional • In the 4th century Cyrene was doing well • Probably has to do with why Therans are trying to get part of Cyrene • Therans trying to get ahold of Cyrenean land and bring this ‘original decree’that validates theran claim • The cyrenaeans have no use for Thera after founding their colony How are these documents manipulated? • • Have to read with grain of slate • What is the motivation behind it? • We are dealing with local traditions, not history • Stories (oral tradition) ave propagandist uses • Modified to emphasize how they want to be seen • Inscription is probably a fake (not really 7th century but 4th century) • The assembly mentioned, and they don’t exist in the 7th century • Gives name of colony - suspect that they would name colony before sending people • Everything seems to fit perfectly • We can use sources to check up on each other • Have to be critical of any ancient source Papyrology • Arelatively new discipline • First papyri to be discovered were from herculaneam and were carbonized by volcanic eruption • In 1860s papyrology really took off as a source for literary and documentary information • Usual
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