Chronology (tends to run in 3s)
Stone Age: Plaeolithic- Mesolithic- Neolithic [300 000- 3000]
Bronze Age: Early- Middle- Late bronze age [3000-1200]
Iron Age: Early iron age…aka dark ages 
- Earliest human activity in Greece ex. 250 000 years BP of a Stone Axe (no evidence of activity
prior to the stone axe
- Early Prehistory= “FRANCTHI CAVE”
o Food sources
Palaeolithic: deer, snail, small fish
Mesolithic: deer, snail, small/large fish, nuts [meaning that they practiced sailors
ex. going to Melos acquiring obsidian (volcanic glass). They had rapid changes in
global climate of dry/cold wet/warm climate [environmental change]
Neolithic: deer, snail, small/large fish, nuts, domestic animals and grain
[meaning that they had their own ‘package’ of domestics… meaning they had
tools for agriculture but still hunt and gather. Ex. grinding stone for wheat. And
pottery made. Farming without irrigation or draft animals…
o Francthi therefore was a place they settled all year round.
Absolute Chron. Relative Chron.
Early= 3000-2000 EM1= early Minoan [Crete]
Middle= 2000-1700 MCII= Middle Cycladic II [island of Cyclades ex. Delos]
Late= 1700/1600-1100 LH IIIA2 [late Hellenistic 3(sub period) in Greek mainland Peloponnese]
**this is because absolute date can move. So instead of dating confusion- symbols were used. **
- Thera had a volcano eruption in the late Bronze Age?
- On Thera, they found LM1A pottery but no LM1B. Eruption happening or beginning of LM1B… ?
- Radio Carbon dating had the tree ring analysis in the 17 C BC [scientific dating that is used
more commonly] or 16 C BC [archaeological dating]
The Early Bronze Age
- At LERNA, “the H