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CLA362H1 (3)
Lecture

CLA362- oct 9.docx

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Department
Classics
Course
CLA362H1
Professor
Dimitri Nakassis
Semester
Fall

Description
Cla362 – ROM lecture October 9 Under the Scepter of Nestor – The new Mycenaean capital at Iklaina - “Palace of Nestor” – Pylos, Messenia - Flourished during late Bronze Age - Linear B tablets – accounting records - Mycenaean state of Pylos - Earliest documented state - Messenia divided into two provinces - Hither and Further - Further divided into districts each with own capital - Two tiered government: central and semiautonomous district capitals - Name of district same as name of its capital city - Only known capital = A-pu2 identified with Iklaina - Iklaina - Spyridon Marinatos – first excavator of this site in 1954 - No detailed records - Blurry photographs - Surface survey of region - Concentration of artifacts usually means it’s a site - Covered area between Koykoynara and Palace of Nestor - Found many sites, Iklaina as largest - Excavation - Architecture above or really close to ground surface - Erosion and destruction - “Cyclopean Walls” - To support a terrace which supports a building - Courtyard - Early Mycenaean period – pottery dating - Building decorated with frescoes - Two majo
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