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Reference Guide

Julius Caesar - Reference Guides

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University of Toronto St. George
Computer Science

TM permacharts Julius Caesar StructureThemes AIN PLOTONOR LOYALTYRUTH JUSTICE MHT Act IIntroduction Presentation of setting, main characters, and central Brutus believes it is honorable to kill Caesar for loyalty to the State Brutus is truthful when he contemplates the conspiracy (Act II, Scene 1) themes Antony appears honorable and loyal in wishing to avenge Caesar but has a Brutus has no personal reason for wishing Caesar dead (protect the State) Act IIDevelopmentrising action Cassius and Brutus develop conspiracy personal agenda Argument (Act IV, Scene 3) between Cassius and Brutus is about truth or the murder of Caesar Caesars wife warns him f Cassius appears honorable in wishing to kill Caesar but really wishes to MBITION A ct IIIClimax Trap is sprung in the Senate Caesar is assassinated A venge Pompey a In his eulogy, Brutus names ambition as the reason for Caesars death Antony swears revenge Pindarus, Titinius, and Strato are loyal enough to assist in the deaths of their (Act III, Scene 2) Act IVDenouementfalling action Presentation of events towards the masters Antony questions this notion in his funeral speech ultimate conclusion Antony and Octavius plan the defeat of Brutus Antony overturns the notions of honor in his eulogy in Act III, Scene 2 Antony inherits the ambition of Caesar nd Cassius a (Are they not all honorable men?) Brutus only ambitions are for a strong State and an upright life ct VConclusion Death of main characters except Antony and Octavius A Loyalty in common people can be changed by skilled oration REVENGE ARALLEL PLOTS P RROGANCE A Cassius desire for revenge of Pompeys death fuels his organization of the Unheeded warnings Caesar does not listen to Calphurnia, the soothsayer Downfall of Caesar; his belief in his invulnerability results in his death onspiracy c or Artemidorus on the day of his death Brutus does not listen to the many Reflected in Antony; he refuses to give the poor people the money promised arnings of Cassius; most importantly, he allows Antony to live w Antonys desire for revenge creates a civil war and deaths of many citizens n the will (he uses people) i Power corrupts Caesar killed Pompey in order to attain more power The revenge of Caesars ghost results in the deaths of Brutus and Cassius Avoided by Octavius; he will not denounce Lepidus, and he arranges a heroic Caesar is killed due to his ambition for absolute rule His death results in (Act V, Scene 3) burial for Brutus absolute rule by Antony and Octavius, as shown in their condemning Roman EMESIS N TATE VS. ABSOLUTE RULE S itizens to death Brutus and Cassius die because of their involvement in c Characters own actions turn against them Caesars murder Brutus is convinced to join the conspiracy because of his belief in the State Display of tragic flaw Conscience Brutus joins the conspiracy against Caesar for the good of the Caesars ambition to be the absolute ruler was opposed to the good of the Examples State but ends up seeing the act as murder Brutus changing emotions State, which was to be ruled jointly by elected officials and stood for freedom bout the killing are reflected by the general publics shifts between a f citizens o Antony is the source of nemesis for all conspirators antiCaesar, proCaesar, proBrutus, and antiBrutus Had you rather Caesar were living, and die all slaves, than that Caesar were Brutus did not sanction wanton killing and he also underestimates Antony Stoicism Portia convinces Brutus that he can tell her the truth Portias dead, to live all free men?(Act III, Scene 2) Caesars victory march into Rome and his ambition for absolute rule result in knowledge of the conspiracy drives her to distraction and its failure results Killing of Caesar makes way for Antonys ambition of near absolute rule over his death n her suicide Brutus stoicism convinces him that he can see the truth i the State Portias desire for knowledge eventually kills her He is blind to the characters of men who act in ways that he cannot Characters CHARACTER SKETCHESCHARACTER SKETCHES NameDescriptionNameDescription ulius CaesarBased on historical figure who lived from 102 (or 100) to 44 B.C. Calphurnias husband, Octavius uncleigariusServes to demonstrate Brutus influence over fellow Romans Gets out of his sickbed to join Brutus JL Arrogant, selfserving leader on the surface Physically weak (epileptic); psychologically dependent on ublius Member of the Senate Shocked when murder takes place in front of him Cassius tells him to go home P advisors and visions for guidance Belief in his divine worth causes peers to assassinate him Blind to Represents complacent Senators anipulation and deceit Public persona as great, generous leader is reaffirmed by Antony in his funeral m Popilius Lena Escalates drama of murder scene by wishing Cassius luck speech Only physically present until Act III; his ghost influences the outcome of the play Pindarus Cassius servant; Parthian captive Responsible for death of Cassius (he incorrectly reports that Titinius BrutusProtagonist and tragic hero Portias husband Loved by Caesar and revered by general public has been captured) Obeys Cassius when he is asked to kill him Leaves Rome m Downfall is caused by his belief that killing Caesar will prevent an individual from taking absolute control LuciusServant to Brutus Symbol of peace and purity Comforts Brutus in difficult times Vehicle for of Rome Belief in the Republic leads him to join the conspiracy Makes 5 fatal errors (he refuses oath o demonstration of Brutus gentle side for conspirators, he does not ask Cicero to join the conspiracy, he underestimates Antony, he tries to force his ethics on others, and he allows Antony to give Caesars eulogy) Blindness to colleagues selfinterest Marullus, Government officials (tribunes) against Caesars desire to create a monarchy with himself as king Serve c results in his death Believes that honor, truth, and justice are real and attainable Stoic Flaviusto explain the political conflict of play and excite audience from outset Believe in
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