CAS350H1 Lecture 9: CAS350 Lecture 9 Educating Chinese Youth

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Contemporary Asian Studies
Dylan Clark

CAS350 Lecture 9 Education Chinese youth • middle class Chinese • Woronov before talked about educating the working class Chinese • Do the poor people in China still face heavy handed state improvement regime while the middle and upper class have a different kind of regime? • in general, the state is an ambiguous, morphism, difficultly define thing o authority is thrown out on the state o the state as a singular unified thing with its own clear purpose ▪ instead, a state is a concentration of power with bureaucratic apparatuses o state is filled with contradictions • Chinese state as a high concentrated power Liu • constructing one-self in China • pg. 196: suffer, endure, think collectivity etc., • subjective regimes, 2 meanings o I am the subject o I am subject to authority o there are individuals a priori to subjectivity ▪ the individuals only exists in these fields o apparatuses that makes/educates subjects o 2 ways to become a subject ▪ recognize yourself in a collective mentality ▪ recognize oneself as a young middle class Chinese person to get a better job o “recognize” yourself ▪ ideological recognition based on the regimes ▪ competing regimes buying for attention ▪ in a sense that we are all apart of these ideologies, we acknowledge the state has a disproportions influence on subject, but we are all living in the ideology ▪ state attempts for them to recognize themselves as members of individuals and subjects • the collective regime encourages people to practice reciprocity with the state o the state provides o respect Mao o reciprocity takes place with the state o in a modern regime, the state encourages to practice reciprocity with it • individual people have little choice but might feel strong with family • Co-production of hegemony and co-production of ideology o we are all invited to play a role o later modern state, we’re invited to participate in self-governing, self-improve o argument for Liu and Woronov ▪ middle and upper class are invited to participate in neo-liberalism ▪ not because the state is forcing them, but because they belong to it and become to co-produce it o co-production of hegemony ▪ work on own Suzhi ▪ learning how to measure up to it = coproducing • Cultivation of self/self-care o ideological means of taking care of self • “Middle Class” Pg. 206 o recognizable subject position o once you recognize yourself ideologically, then you need to know how to dress as a middle class etc., o Woronov and Liu: you learn how to become middle class when you recognize yourself o people learn to recognize self as middle class and then perform accordingly • pg. 207, the middle class life o recognizable ideas of middle class identity, life and so forth o cultivate yourself to be appropriately middle class • Liu says middle class people are hunting credentials • Kaoyan o the post-graduate exam o the under-graduate exam is not adequate anymore o people look to enhance their specifications • Party memberships a credential in China o as a networking opportunity o irony is, joining the communist party was an act of selflessness and make the whole country socialist and provide equality and jobs and destroy class differences o to get ahead in China is join the communist party as a credential o Liu paints it as a career move o Pg. 204, advantages ▪ they don’t talk about why they go to school, but it’s about achievement and material advancement ▪ choice in China ▪ but there’s no choice because iron rice bowl is broken, less employment o stress on competition, working hard to get a degree and credentials o if everyone gets more credentials, the value goes down • pg. 209: Chinese people are not trying to be collectivist o most of them are emphasizing the individual responsibility o collectivist regimes and individualize regimes are contradictions, but not to students Woronov • pg. 570, tensions o “These tensions between past and future…” o he is pushing us into this uncomfortable situation where ideologies don’t fit well together, state doesn’t manage contradictions well o schools are not managing the contradictions well o these contradictions simply exist • pg. 569, governmentality o cultivating the self, caring for the self o governmentality becomes the internalize teacher, hospital etc., build into your mind while the same way working through the ISAs o governmentality being taught to children to manage themselves o state programmed to encourage self-care so the state has retreated but it’s trying to create self-governmentalize subjects o the governmentality works more towards middle and upper class then the poor o education for quality ▪ she says, new policy to improve quality through education ▪ state implement improvement for modern nation st
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