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Reference Guide

Romeo & Juliet - Reference Guides

2 pages75 viewsFall 2015

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Computer Science
Course Code
CSC495H1
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Romeo & Juliet
Act I Introduction • Warring feud between Capulets and Montagues
• Romeo and Juliet meet and fall in love • Paris wants to marry
Juliet
Act II Development/rising actionTybalt challenges Romeo • Romeo and
Juliet secretly marry at Friar Lawrence’s cell
Act III Climax • Death of Mercutio • Romeo slays Tybalt • Pattern of death
and revenge begins • Romeo is banished from Verona
Act IV Denouement/falling action • Capulet hastens the marriage date
Juliet takes sleeping potion • She is found dead yet buried alive
Act V Conclusion • Romeo hears of Juliets death • Messenger is delayed
• Death of Romeo, Juliet, Paris, and Lady Montague
Civil feud between the Capulet household and the Montague household
Suspicion of plague in Verona delays the messenger
• Bodily (physical) love (e.g., it is joked about by Romeo’s friends)
• Infatuation; flowery, Petrarchan love-sickness (e.g., Romeo and Rosaline)
• Romantic (courtly) love; object of desire (the woman) had to be unobtainable (e.g., married, dead) and both lovers had to
be chaste (e.g., initially, Romeo’s love for Rosaline; Romeo and Juliet, although they slept together, were prevented from
being together by various obstacles, such as their families, Juliet’s forced marriage, and their eventual deaths)
• Conventional love (e.g., Juliet is expected to participate in an arranged marriage with Paris, according to conventions)
• True love (e.g., Romeo and Juliet love each other emotionally, spiritually, and sexually; they are committed to each other in
marriage; they are willing to die rather than be unfaithful)
• False love (e.g., Romeo thought that he loved Rosaline, so he created artificial feelings, even though he did not know her;
the Nurse, and Mercutio, falsely believe that love and sex are the same thing)
Parental love (e.g., the Montagues’ and Capulets’ love for their respective children and wanting what is best for them)
Filial love (e.g., Romeo and Mercutio are very good friends who would do almost anything for each other)
Love vs. hate (e.g., Romeo and Juliet’s love vs. the hatred between the Montagues and the Capulets; dueling deaths of
Mercutio, Tybalt, and Paris; suicide of Romeo and Juliet is overshadowed by their love for each other)
The play takes place over a period of five days (Sunday to Thursday)
The courtship is rushed
• Capulet makes haste in pushing up the wedding
• Friar John is delayed in delivering the message to Romeo
• Romeo dies just before Juliet awakens; bad timing
• Many near misses occur due to poor timing
• Young lovers (Romeo and Juliet) are juxtaposed with older pairs
• Passion and impatience of youth are contrasted with moderation and knowledge of age
• Romeo and Juliet mature over the course of the play; they play roles of both children and adults
• Friar Lawrence and Nurse play parental roles for the young lovers
• From the beginning, the relationship between Romeo and Juliet is ill-fated (e.g., Romeo finds out about the Capulets’
party from an illiterate servant; he ends up in the Capulets’ orchard; Mercutio is killed under his arm)
• Lovers arestar-crossed … death-marked; they have no choice
• Despite the actions of Romeo and Juliet, fate intervenes (e.g., timing is off, messages are lost)
• Fate is foreshadowed through dreams (e.g., Romeo dreams that Juliet has died)
• Providence plays a part; it is a Christian play (e.g., Romeo, Juliet, and Friar Lawrence call upon higher powers for
assistance; Friar Lawrence calls their deaths a work of heaven”)
A higher power may be involved in bringing together the Montagues and the Capulets
• Imagery of the sun represents life and love (Juliet is the sun …” )
• Even in darkness, the lovers find day in one another
• Young lovers display the light of love in the middle of a dark family feud
• References to stars recur
• Darkness is used to represent fear and evil (e.g., the Capulet burial tomb is as dark as night)
• The play begins in civil uproar in a divided city
• Duel between Tybalt and Mercutio escalates the animosity
• Prince unites the families at the end of the play; he makes them promise not to fight in the future
• As so much blood was spilled, the tragic pattern may begin again
• In order to restore the order, Romeo and Juliet must be sacrificed (payment for injustice)
• Petrarchan poetry is used to illustrate romantic love
• Puns and witty phrases are used by Mercutio and Benvolio
• Romeo and Juliet meet and speak in the form of a sonnet; formalized love talk
• Language reflects the station of the characters (e.g., Nurse uses bawdy, loving imagery)
• Language also reflects moods and feelings (e.g., sarcasm, sadness, true love)
Words become more expressive and complex as the characters mature
• In tragedy, characters tend to become isolated from those around them
Juliet is abandoned by her parents, the Nurse, and the Friar; finally, Romeo leaves her behind in death
• Several scenes take place in public squares in Verona
• Much of the play takes place in the Capulet house and in the Capulet
courtyard
Other locations include the Friar’s cell, gardens, and the Capulet burial vault
Some time is spent in Mantua
• Play occurs over a period of 5 days in mid-July; Sunday to Thursday
Day 1 Act I, Scenes 1-5; Act II, Scenes 1-2
Day 2 Act II, Scenes 3-6; Act III, Scenes 1-4
Day 3 Act III, Scene 5; Act IV, Scenes 1-3
Day 4 Act IV, Scenes 4-5
Day 5 Act V
• Born 1564; died 1616
• Playwright, actor, and poet; credited with writing 37 plays and 152 sonnets
• Plays are divided into the early plays (e.g., The Taming of the Shrew), the
comedies (e.g., Much Ado About Nothing), the histories (e.g., Henry V ),
the tragedies (e.g., Romeo & Juliet ), the problem plays (e.g., Measure
for Measure), and the romance plays (e.g., The Winter’s Tale)
Written around 1595 (one of the most famous love stories in the world)
• Analogous to Hero and Leander; Pyramus and Thisbe; Tristan and Criseyde
• Based on Arthur Brooke’s The Tragicall Historye of Romeus and Juliet (1562)
• Tragedy of fate; no tragic flaw and no moral weakness in the lovers
• Forces of hatred between the houses fuel the tragedy
Romeo Young, noble son of Montague household • Undergoes growth in maturity over course of the play
Infatuated with Rosaline; spins love-sick poetry • Falls in love with Juliet • Displays high emotions
(melancholy, true love, hysteria) • Gentle and responsible (e.g., he turns down Tybalt’s first challenge
to fight) • Slays Tybalt to avenge Mercutio • Isolates himself from friends and family for Juliet
Hasteful and impetuous • Banished from Verona • Finds true friend in Friar Lawrence • Bravely
enters Verona to find Juliet • Kills himself with poison when he finds Juliet dead (actually asleep)
Juliet Young, noble daughter of Capulet household • 13 years old • Matures over the course of the play
• Falls in love with Romeo and secretly marries him • Finds an ally in the Nurse • Later breaks her
bond with the Nurse • Submits to her parent’s will • Later defies her father’s wishes to marry Paris
• Strong-willed, intelligent, and independent • Isolates herself from her family • Bravely takes the
sleeping potion • Commits suicide when she finds Romeo dead
Mercutio Best friend of Romeo • Constant and true Witty; uses intelligent word-play and puns • Shows
concern over Romeo when he dwells in melancholy • Courageous in battle
Tybalt Cousin of the Capulets Fiery temper • Deep hatred of the Montagues • Swears revenge on
Romeo for coming to the Capulet’s ball • Provocative; initiator of violence • Speaks to Romeo with
disdain • Quick to jump to the sword; fierce fencer • Slays Mercutio • Killed by Romeo
Paris Kinsman of Prince Escalus • Desires to marry Juliet • Does not concern himself with reciprocal love
Young gallant • Well-born and wealthy • Romeo’s rival in love • Speaks in flowery phrases of
praise • Quick to judge Romeo in the tomb • Slain by Romeo
Benvolio Friend to Romeo • Peaceful • Teases his friend about desiring Rosaline • Tries to stop the fighting
with Romeo • Well-spoken; he explains the fray to the Prince and the other citizens of Verona
• Cares about Romeo • Attempts to placate Mercutio’s jests
Capulet Juliets father • A wealthy patriarch • Bitter foe of Montague • Does not listen to his daughter’s
wishes • Stubborn and outspoken • Loves his daughter deeply • Moods change quickly from
amiable to stormy
Lady Capulet Juliets mother • Submits to her husband’s wishes • Mourns cousin Tybalt deeply • Does not listen
carefully to Juliet • Loves her daughter • Has a temper (e.g., when Romeo kills Tybalt, she wants
him to be executed)
Montague Romeos father • Worries about his son’s melancholy • Compassionate, feeling man • Bitter enemy
of the Capulets • Experiences the double loss of his wife and his son • Offers to honor Juliet’s
memory with a statue
Lady Montague Romeo’s mother • Hates the violence that ensues between the families Dies from grief over
Romeo’s banishment
Nurse Juliet’s nurse • Outspoken and long-winded • Speaks in colorful language • Loves Juliet
• Fears Capulet (e.g., she advises Juliet to take her father’s advice and marry Paris) • Dependable
(e.g., she carries out favors and delivers messages for Juliet) • Earthy, natural, and unpretentious
• She enjoys reminiscing about Juliet’s childhood • Large woman
Friar Lawrence A man of God • Concerned with good and evil • Wants to unite the two families • Knowledgeable
about herbs, plants, natural remedies, and poisons • Benevolent and mature • Acts as a father
figure to Romeo and Juliet • Counsels and gives advice
Escalus Prince of Verona • Symbol of law and order • Peace-keeper • Intervenes in the civil dispute
between the Capulets and the Montagues
Friar John Messenger of Friar Lawrence • A Franciscan • Unable to deliver the message to Romeo
As a consequence, Romeo believes that Juliet is dead
Apothecary A poor shopkeeper • Morals are swayed because of his poverty • He sells illegal poison to Romeo
Balthasar Servant to Romeo • Helps Romeo enter the Capulet burial vault
Peter Servant to Juliet’s Nurse
Samson and Servants to Capulets • Bawdy in language • Quick to fight
Gregory
Abram Servant to Montagues • Fights in Act I, Scene 1
• A foil is a character who can be compared and contrasted to another character
• Used to clarify character traits and issues in the play
Romeo and Trusting relationship • Romeo’s rash impetuousness contrasts with the Friar’s maturity and wisdom
Friar Lawrence • Romeo wants Juliet; Friar wants to bring the families together • Romeo’s temper and the Friar’s
sense of forgiveness are contrasted when the messenger is detained • Men of action
Nurse and Ruled by Capulet • Female role models for Juliet • Nurse is earthy; Lady Capulet is artificial
Lady Capulet • Nurse is a confidante; Lady Capulet does not have a close relationship with Juliet
Mercutio and Violent men from different sides of the feud • Tybalt jumps to the sword quickly; Mercutio is right
Tybalt behind him • Volatile tempers • Their deaths are catalysts for the pattern of revenge and tragedy to
continue
Structure
MAIN PLOT
PARALLEL PLOTS
Background
TIME
SETTING
Just the Facts
WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE
ROMEO & JULIET
TRAGEDY
Characters
Name Description
CHARACTER SKETCHES
FOILS
Characters Relationship
Themes
LOVE
TIME
YOUTH VS. AGE
FATE
LIGHT VS. DARK
CIVIL DISORDER
LANGUAGE
ISOLATION
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Introduction to the play; delivered by a chorus or a single narrator
Fate to blame for tragic outcome of Romeo and Juliet; love is death-marked
Conflict between feuding Capulet and Montague houses is introduced
Capulet serving men, Sampson and Gregory, meet and fight two Montague
serving men, including Abram
• Benvolio (from Montague house) and Tybalt (from Capulet house) enter;
Benvolio tries to stop the fight while Tybalt challenges him to combat
• Fight grows; both Montague and Capulet enter with wives to stop the duel
• Prince Escalus enters; he gives a history of the feud between the families and
implores them to stop
Capulet goes with the Prince; Montague is to visit him shortly
Benvolio explains the fray (he discusses Romeo’s strange behavior); dialogue
between Romeo and Benvolio reveals that Romeo is lovesick for Rosaline
(Benvolio suggests that he look at other women and compare beauties)
• Introduction of the love complication; Paris entreats Capulet for Juliet’s hand
• Capulet emphasizes Juliet’s youth; Juliet may be Paris’ bride if she consents
• Capulet throws a feast at which Paris will be able to woo Juliet; he gives an
invitation list to an illiterate servant
On the street, the servant asks Romeo and Benvolio to read it aloud; Benvolio
convinces Romeo to attend the feast (masked) to compare Rosaline with
other women (Romeo decides to go to the ball to admire Rosaline)
• Juliet is introduced; Lady Capulet tells Juliet to consider marrying Paris
(Juliet agrees to consider Paris as a possible suitor at the party)
The Nurse is introduced; she reminisces about Juliet’s childhood at length
Romeo, Benvolio, and Mercutio proceed to the Capulet feast; in masks,
the characters feel a sense of danger and adventure
• Romeo is melancholy and talks in poetic language of his love for Rosaline;
Mercutio delivers a witty speech on dreams and Queen Mab of the fairies
• Tragic events are foreshadowed through Romeo’s misgivings
• Romeo feels fear and anxiety about that night (“… my mind misgives Some
consequence yet hanging in the stars Shall bitterly begin his fearful date With
this night’s revels …” ); they head to the Capulet feast on enemy territory
• Meeting of Romeo and Juliet (masquers enter the feast); Capulet welcomes
his guests and he speaks about masques of earlier years
• Romeo falls in love with Juliet at first sight (O, she doth teach the torches to
burn bright!” )
Tybalt recognizes Romeo’s voice (he threatens to fight); Capulet orders Tybalt
to restrain himself and keep the peace (Tybalt leaves embittered)
• Romeo praises Juliet in verse (he kisses her); the Nurse interrupts and
informs Romeo that Lady Capulet wishes to speak with her daughter
• Central complication of love; Romeo loves a Capulet, Juliet loves a Montague
• Spoken by a chorus or narrator
• Contrasts Romeo’s infatuation with Rosaline with his true love for Juliet;
animosity between families will make a union impossible
• They will venture to meet again, despite the danger (… passion lends them
power, time means, to meet, Temp’ring extremities with extreme sweet.” )
• Romeo secludes himself from his friends; beginning of the lovers’ isolation
• Benvolio and Mercutio seek Romeo in the night; they believe he still loves
Rosaline and tease him about his infatuation
• Irony is evoked as Romeo does not love Rosaline, but Juliet; love becomes
more complicated than Rosaline’s chastity (Juliet’s family presents an
insurmountable challenge to Romeo)
• Courtship scene; Romeo sneaks into the Capulet courtyard to gaze at Juliet
• As Romeo sees Juliet at the window, he compares her to the sun and the
stars (But soft! What light through yonder window breaks? It is the East, and
Juliet is the sun!” )
• Juliet speaks without noticing Romeo; she laments the significance of
Romeo’s name (’Tis but thy name that is my enemy.” )
• Romeo calls to Juliet (he risks danger by remaining in the courtyard);
Juliet asks if he loves her, and declares her own love for him (they agree to
marry and plan to meet the following day)
• Twice, the Nurse calls, and twice, Juliet leaves and returns to the window;
they bid one another goodnight (“Parting is such sweet sorrow That I shall
say good night till it be morrow.” )
• Introduction of Friar Lawrence; he gathers herbs and tends to his plants
• Romeo confesses his love for Juliet (“...my heart’s dear love is set on the fair
daughter of rich Capulet... ); Friar Lawrence chides Romeo for his quick
disenchantment for Rosaline
• Friar Lawrence agrees to marry Romeo and Juliet to end the family feud
• Three duels are mentioned; one duel of violence and two duels of wit
• Benvolio and Mercutio divulge that Tybalt has challenged Romeo to a duel
• Romeo enters and is teased for the way in which he fawned over Rosaline;
Romeo and Mercutio exchange puns (comedic relief is generated)
The Nurse enters in search of Romeo and is vexed by Mercutio’s wit;
she warns Romeo to treat Juliet well
• Romeo tips the Nurse to deliver a message; Juliet is to meet him at Friar
Lawrence’s cell in the afternoon
• Marriage is anticipated; the speed of the courtship is downplayed
• Juliet’s impatience is paralleled with Romeo’s anxiety (Act II, Scene 3)
• Juliet awaits the Nurse’s return with news from Romeo; comic pacing
(the Nurse is long-winded and complains of aches and pains, while youthful
Juliet agonizes to know what transpired)
• Theme of youth vs. age is developed
• The Nurse teases Juliet until she can hold out no longer; she delivers
Romeo’s message (Then hie you hence to Friar Lawrence’ cell; There stays
a husband to make you a wife. )
The Nurse uses bawdy imagery and alludes to Juliet’s future pregnancies;
Juliet is ecstatic (the mood is happy and full of expectation)
• The marriage ceremony of Romeo and Juliet at Friar Lawrence’s cell;
while Romeo awaits Juliet, the Friar encourages moderation in love
• Foreshadowing of their violent end (… violent desires have violent ends …”)
• Juliet enters, vows are exchanged, and true love is declared; Friar Lawrence
leads the couple off to be married
Tone of the scene is both joyous and ominous; there is a balance of
anticipation and warning
• Antipathy between Mercutio and Tybalt mounts (results are fatal);
Benvolio and Mercutio are accosted by Tybalt in a public square
• Romeo appears and responds gently to Tybalt’s rage, as he is secretly
married to Tybalt’s cousin; Mercutio is incensed and fights with Tybalt
(Romeo and Benvolio try to stop the fight)
• Mercutio is slain; he curses them before he dies (A plague a both your
houses!” ); Romeo fights Tybalt to avenge Mercutio (Tybalt is killed)
• Citizens, Prince, Montague, Capulet, and wives enter; Benvolio gives detailed
account of fight (the Prince exiles Romeo from Verona under penalty of death)
Scene shifts to Juliet; she waits for night to fall
Parallels with Act II, Scene 5, in which Juliet waits for the Nurse to return;
the Nurse informs Juliet that Tybalt is dead and Romeo is banished
• Juliet first believes that Romeo is dead (almost as distressed to hear of exile)
• The Nurse tells Juliet that Romeo is hiding at Friar Lawrences cell; Juliet bids
the Nurse to deliver a ring to Romeo and to ask him to visit her that night
• Imagery of light and darkness (… Romeo; come, thou day in night; …” )
• Companion scene to Act III, Scene 2
• Romeo hears that he has been banished from the city from Friar Lawrence;
Romeo is in a highly emotional state (the Friar is logical and calm)
• The Nurse enters; she reports that Juliet is miserable
• Romeo attempts to stab himself; Friar berates him for his impetuousness
(he devises a plan)
• Romeo is to visit Juliet in the night, and proceed to Mantua until it is safe to
return to Verona; Romeo takes the ring and is comforted by the plan
• Differences between rash intensity of youth and calm moderation of maturity
• Revelations of Romeo’s rash character (e.g., high fevers, hysteria)
• Capulet and Lady Capulet discuss a wedding between Paris and Juliet;
Capulet states that Juliet is too upset about Tybalt’s death to marry so soon
• Capulet changes his mind; uses patriarchal authority to decide Juliet’s mate
• Wedding is set for Thursday; haste is emphasized (“Will you be ready?
Do you like this haste?” )
• Irony; Juliet is already married to Romeo and they are presently
consummating the marriage in her chamber
• Pace of the tragedy picks up; tragic timeline is set in motion
• Romeo lingers in Juliet’s bed (first morning together as a married couple)
• The couple playfully protest against the morning, as Romeo must leave;
the Nurse enters to warn Juliet that Lady Capulet approaches
• Romeo leaves down the rope ladder; Juliet asksO, thinkst thou we shall
ever meet again?”
• Juliet has some misgivings (“O God, I have an ill-diving soul! Methinks I see
thee now art so low, As one dead in the bottom of a tomb.” )
• Lady Capulet enters, mistaking Juliet’s wan appearance as grief for Tybalt;
Lady Capulet curses the villainous Romeo and talks of poisoning him
• Juliet talks of killing Romeo (doubleness is ironic)
• Capulet enters; they discuss Juliet’s wedding to Paris (Juliet is distressed)
• Capulet is furious; he insults and threatens his daughter (“… get thee to
church a Thursday Or never after look me in the face. )
The Capulets leave; the Nurse remains and suggests that Juliet marry Paris
• Juliet pretends to be comforted; she will go to Friar’s cell to absolve the
marriage (aside reveals Juliet is going to Friar’s cell to seek advice or poison)
• Dramatic irony and double meanings in the scene (e.g., Juliet weeps for
Romeo, not Tybalt)
• Duplicity of roles for Juliet; she is both a child and a woman
• Stark contrast between quiet, intimate beginning of scene and angry ending
Mid-way in the timeline (Tuesday); at Friars cell, Paris discusses Capulet’s
plans for his marriage to Juliet
• Friar attempts to delay the marriage; Paris explains it is sudden in order to
ease Juliet’s grief over the death of Tybalt
• Juliet enters (she answers Paris’ compliments with terse comments); when
Paris leaves, Juliet loses her composure and weeps (she asks for help)
Friar suggests a plan (Juliet will temporarily poison herself and appear dead);
marriage to Paris will be off, she will awaken, and escape with Romeo
• Mock suicide is planned for Wednesday night; Romeo will be notified
• Couple will escape to Mantua the next day; Juliet bravely accepts the poison
(foreshadowing of Juliet’s imminent death)
• Preparations for the wedding are under way at the Capulet house;
Juliet returns (she tells her father that she will obey his wishes)
Capulet is overjoyed and he changes the wedding date to Wednesday;
Lady Capulet protests (Capulet goes to tell Paris the good news)
• Dramatic irony (e.g., Capulets prepare for wedding, Juliet prepares for death)
• Pace quickens; Juliet will now be buried alive one day ahead of schedule
• Further isolation of Juliet (Tuesday night); the Nurse is helping Juliet choose a
dress for the wedding
• Juliet begs for solitude; Lady Capulet enters (asked to leave with the Nurse)
• In soliloquy, Juliet doubts the poison and the Friar; fears Capulet burial vault
• Juliet drinks the poison (“Romeo, Romeo, Romeo! I drink to thee.” );
anticipation mounts as the first part of the plan is set in motion
Contrasting with Juliet’s death, this scene bustles with life and preparation
At 3 a.m., Lady Capulet, the Nurse, and Capulet arrange for the wedding
banquet; Capulet orders the Nurse to wake Juliet while he talks with Paris
• Juxtaposition of scenes creates suspense and anticipation
• Discovery scene; Juliet’s staged suicide
• The Nurse finds Juliet lying senseless in bed, presumably dead; Lady Capulet
and Capulet come running (they are struck with grief)
• Friar, Paris, and the musicians enter, looking for the bride; day and night
imagery is used (“O hateful day! Never was seen so black a day as this.” )
Wedding plans must be changed to funeral arrangements; Friar tries to
console everyone, explaining that Juliet’s soul is in Heaven
• Peter and the musicians argue wittingly about music; comic interchange
• In Mantua, Romeo has an ominous dream (“I dreamt my lady came and
found me dead …” ); Messenger Balthasar enters (Juliet is dead)
• Romeo curses the stars and his fate (“… I defy you, stars!” ); he vows to
return to Verona immediately
• He goes to the Apothecary to buy poison; he bribes him with 40 ducats
• Romeo sets off to Juliet’s grave (“Come, cordial and not poison, go with me
To Juliet’s grave, for there I must use thee. )
• Description of Apothecary uses death imagery (“Famine is in thy cheeks, …”)
• Romeo’s dream of death opens the scene; a poisonous dram of death ends it
• Fate defies the lovers again (“Unhappy fortune! ); Friar Lawrence’s
messenger was delayed in Verona because of suspicion of the plague
• Letter went undelivered (Romeo was never told that Juliet is buried alive);
Friar rushes to the Capulet burial vault, as Juliet will soon awaken
• Summary of tragic events
• In the Capulet burial vault, Paris strews flowers over Juliet’s tomb; Paris hides
while Romeo and Balthasar enter to open Juliet’s tomb
• Romeo pretends that he wants to take a ring and see Juliet for the last time;
he sends Balthasar to give a letter to his father and tells him not to spy
• Romeo opens the tomb; Paris jumps out, they fight, and Paris is slain
• Irony (Romeo finds Juliet life-like in her death state); Romeo drinks poison
and dies, kissing his bride (“Here’s to my love! … Thus with a kiss I die.” )
• Friar Lawrence arrives (Balthasar informs him that Romeo is within) and finds
Romeo and Paris dead; Juliet awakens (“Where is my Romeo?” )
• Friar Lawrence tells her to leave the nest of contagion; he points out the
dead bodies of Romeo and Paris, and leaves the room
• Juliet sees the poison and kisses Romeo’s lips; hearing the Captain of the
Watch, she takes Romeo’s dagger and stabs herself
• Death is a re-consummation of their love; Romeo talks of round wombs and
Juliet stabs herself with a phallic sword
• Captain enters with Watchmen, Prince, and Capulets (Here lies the County
slain; And Juliet, bleeding, warm, and newly dead, …”)
• Montague arrives; he reports that his wife is dead (“Grief of my son’s exile
hath stopped her breath.” )
• Friar Lawrence explains (e.g., secret marriage, sleeping potion, delayed
messenger, duel between Paris and Romeo, Juliet’s awakening and suicide)
• Prince lays blame on Capulet and Montague (… See what a scourge is laid
upon your hate, That heaven finds means to kill your joys with love.” )
• Capulet and Montague join hands; they exchange money and plan to honor
one another’s children
• Prince sums up the scene by encouraging the families to make peace
(“… For never was a story of more woe Than this of Juliet and her Romeo.” )
Play Summary
ACT I, PROLOGUE
ACT I, SCENE 1
ACT I, SCENE 2
ACT I, SCENE 3
ACT I, SCENE 4
ACT I, SCENE 5
ACT II, PROLOGUE
ACT II, SCENE 1
ACT II, SCENE 2
ACT II, SCENE 3
ACT II, SCENE 4
ACT II, SCENE 4 (CONT’D)
ACT II, SCENE 5
ACT II, SCENE 6
ACT III, SCENE 1
ACT III, SCENE 2
ACT III, SCENE 3
ACT III, SCENE 4
ACT III, SCENE 5
ACT IV, SCENE 1
ACT IV, SCENE 2
ACT IV, SCENE 3
ACT IV, SCENE 4
ACT IV, SCENE 5
ACT V, SCENE 1
ACT V, SCENE 2
ACT V, SCENE 3
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Contributors: R. Waese; D. Gargaro, B.A.
ISBN 1-55080-223-2
9 781550 802238
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