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Reference Guide

Death of a Salesman - Reference Guides

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Computer Science
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TM permacharts Death Of A Salesman Just the FactsSymbols ARTHUR MILLERMUSICTAPE RECORDER Born 1915 in Harlem, New York Epitomizes the mechanization of American society Music has major significance in the play Wrote many plays, essays, and a novel; also directed plays Howard Wagners favorite new invention (at the beginning of Leitmotifs (i.e., particular pieces of music used to represent ct Two) plays back the voices of Howards wife and childrenertain characters or moods) are used to introduce and Ac DEATH OF A SALESMAN ccompany several characters and situations a Parallels Willys internal voices and symbolizes his breakdown; Published and produced in 1949 the voices lead to his mental degeneration Flute music conjures up memories of Willys father, the pioneer Won the Pulitzer Prize in 1949 lute maker; it generates the happiness and joy of a simpler f CAR and more innocent time in America TRUCTURE S Means of Willys suicide; central to Willys livelihood and The Boys Music plays each time there is a scene or a memory Two act play with a requiem; there are no scene divisions unhappiness nvolving the boys i scenes have been added to make it easier to follow the plot) ( An element in the typical American Dream; the car is the Sexy music signals danger and illicit love; it plays while Willy Occurs in the 48 hours after Willy Loman has returned home onventional symbol of mobility and freedom c has an affair and while the boys pick up women in the bar early from a sales trip REES T Bens music plays each time the character appears; it signals Written in a style which blends the past with the present, Elm trees surrounding Willys house, in the past, represented a success and longing eliminating boundaries of time and space uburban oasis s Willys suicide scene is conveyed through collapsed discords Symbolic of growth and potential; as Willy deteriorates, nothing nd sound effects a grows in his garden Themes A death march introduces the requiem scene The jungle represented a world of opportunity in which Ben SILK STOCKINGS AMERICAN DREAM became wealthy Symbol of infidelity and declining prosperity Examines the elusive yearning for the American Dream The jungle of business and society traps and conquers Willy Willy Loman sells stockings for a living The advantages and disadvantages of the American Dream are Willys distress call involves trees (The woods are burning.) Linda Loman mends her stockings, which makes Willy explored; consider ambition, drive, and inherited wealth vs. Willy explains that some of his early car accidents were due to ncomfortable; he gives them freely to his mistress ortgages, loans, extramarital affairs, and suicide attempts u m the fact that he was admiring the scenery and trees Elements of the American Dream are demythologized; the ideal car, house and family of four do not bring happiness Characters ODERN TRAGIC HERO M WILLY LOMANCHARLEY Willy is a modern tragic hero, similar to Shakespeares King Lear and Oedipus Nextdoorneighbor and very close friend of the Lomans Protagonist and modern tragic hero He falls due to a tragic error; Willys error is being blinded by Husband to Linda, father to Biff and Happy Successful businessman; he achieved his success through the myth of the American Dream hard work 63 years old; travelling salesman for the Wagner firm This modern tragic hero is a common man, rather than a king Loans Willy money each month after he is put on commission Placed on straight commission; he is deemed to be less or a great man valuable to the company Father to Bernard; foil to Willy Willy travels through ignorance, suffering, and enlightenment Talks to himself; his talks are often directed at Biff or his dead BERNARD brother, Ben Unfortunately, his enlightenment (i.e., that his death is more Son of Charley and neighbor of the Lomans valuable to his family than his life) is realized through his Lacks selfknowledge; never admits to failure m Foil to ch
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