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Reference Guide

English Verbs - Reference Guides

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Department
Computer Science
Course Code
CSC495H1
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PRESENT TENSE
SEPARABLE PHRASAL VERBS
INSEPARABLE PHRASAL VERBS
• Expresses daily habits or usual
activities
Examples: Kate reads a book to
her son every night. • I drink
coffee every morning.
• Normally, I drive to work.
• Expresses general factual
statements
Examples: Flowers grow well in
the sunshine. Dogs bark.
• The earth is round.
• Expresses an activity that is in
progress in the present
moment
• Expresses an event that began
in the past, continues in the
present, and will likely
continue into the future
Construction: am / is / are +
-ing
Examples: Kate won’t answer
the phone because she is
reading a book to her son.
• It’s morning. I am drinking a
cup of coffee, as usual.
Non-Progressive Verbs
*Think and have can be used in some progressive constructions
• A phrasal verb is a two part verb
consisting of a verb and a particle
Example: put down means to stop
holding
• Some phrasal verbs have more
than one meaning
• A noun can separate the verb and the particle or the noun may
come after the verb and the particle
• The noun follows the particle
• The noun never precedes the verb
• Used to express an activity
that happened before another
activity in the past
• Activity must be completed
before a specific time in the
past
Examples: I had fixed my PC
before it worked. • I had gone
when John came over last night.
• I had eaten before we went
for dinner. • She had chosen her
dress before she met him.
SIMPLE PRESENT
PRESENT PROGRESSIVE
NON-PROGRESSIVE VERBS
PA S T P E R F E C T
IMPERAT I V E
• Used to give commands and
instructions
• Can also be used to make
requests
• The understood subject in
imperative sentences is you
(e.g., subject is the person at
whom the imperative is
directed)
Examples: Turn right at the
stop sign. Shut the door!
Open your mouth, please.
Negative constructions:
Do not (don’t) + simple present
of a verb
Examples: Don’t run beside the
pool! • Do not drink and drive.
• Please don’t worry if I’m late
night. I have a meeting.
Examples: I want to take off my shoes. / I want to take my shoes
off. • It’s time to throw out my old clothes. / It’s time to throw my
old clothes out. • Will you turn on the television? / Will you turn
the television on? • Can you pick up Melissa from school? / Can
you pick Melissa up from school?
Examples: I ran into your boss at the game. Wait for your sister
after school, please. • Let’s drop by the Coles’ house after dinner.
• Lisa always gets out of walking the dog. • I’ll get off the elevator
on the ground floor. • She looks like her mother.
Examples: I see your sister in the audience. • Jim understands Calculus
very well.
When think means believe, it is non-progressive
Example: I think it will be a nice day tomorrow.
When think expresses thoughts that are going
through a persons head, it can be progressive
Example: I am thinking about what my brother told me.
• The following verbs are not
used in progressive tenses
(-ing)
• Use the simple present only
Incorrect: I am needing a
vacation right now.
Correct: I need a vacation right
now.
break down stop functioning
bring back return an item
to someone
call off cancel an event
figure out find the solution
hand in give an
assignment to
a teacher
hand out give an item to
one person or
several people
leave out omit or forget
look up find information
in a resource
make up create a story
pick up drive home or
lift
put down stop holding or
carrying
put off postpone
take off remove clothes
from one’s body
throw out discard
turn off stop a machine
or a light
turn on start a machine
or a light
turn down refuse
something,
make the
volume lower
(music)
wake up stop sleeping
write down record in writing
Phrasal Verbs
drop by visit informally
eat out have a meal in
a restaurant
get by survive
financially
get on enter a bus,
plane, train,
elevator
get off leave a bus,
plane, train,
elevator
get in enter a car,
a line, a house
get out of leave a car,
a line, a house,
escape having
to do
something
keep on continue
doing
something
look like resemble
physically
run into meet by
chance
run out of use the last of
take after resemble
take care of be responsible
for someone
or something
wait for wait until
someone/
something
arrives or is
finished with
something else
Phrasal Verbs
be
believe
belong
exist
forget
hate
have*
hear
know
like
love
need
own
possess
prefer
remember
see
think*
understand
want
English Verbs
English Verbs
ENGLISH VERBS • 1-55080-551-7 1© 2001-2012 Mindsource Technologies Inc.
TM
permacharts
www.permacharts.com
2nd EDITION
PHRASAL VERBS

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Description
TM permacharts English Verbs English Verbs 2nd EDITION PRESENT TENSEPHRASAL VERBS A phrasal verbis a two part verb IMPLE PRESENT S consisting of a verb and a particle Expresses daily habits or usual Expresses general factual Example:put down means to stop holding activitiesstatements Some phrasal verbs have more Examples: Kate readsa book toExamples:Flowers growwell in than one meaning her son every night. I drinkthe sunshine. Dogs bark. coffee every morning. The earth isround. EPARABLE PHRASAL VERBS S Normally, I driveto work. A noun can separate the verb and the particle or the noun may come after the verb and the particle RESENT PROGRESSIVE P Phrasal Verbs Expresses an activity that is inConstruction:am is are + progress in the presenting break downstop functioningput downstop holding or moment carrying Examples:Kate wont answer bring backreturn an item Expresses an event that beganthe phone because sheis to someoneput offpostpone in the past, continues in thereadinga book to her son. call offcancel an eventtake offremove clothes present, and will likely Its morning. I am drinkinga from ones body figure outfind the solution continue into the futurecup of coffee, as usual. throw outdiscard hand ingive an ONPROGRESSIVE VERBS N assignment to turn offstop a machine a teacheror a light The following verbs are notIncorrect:I am needinga used in progressive tenses vacation right now. hand outgive an item to turn onstart a machine (ing) one person oror a light Correct:I needa vacation right several people Use the simple present onlynow. turn downrefuse leave outomit or forgetsomething, NonProgressive Verbs make the look upfind information behateloveremember volume lower in a resource believehave*need see (music) make upcreate a story belonghearownthink* wake upstop sleeping existknowpossessunderstand pick updrive home or write downrecord in writing forget like preferwant lift *Thinkand havecan be used in some progressive constructionsExamples:I want to take offmy shoes. I wantto takemy shoes off. Its time to throw out my old clothes. Its time to throwmy Examples:I seeyour sister in the audience. Jim understandsCalculus old clothes out. Will youturnonthe television? Will you turn very well. the television on? Can youpick up Melissa from school? Can When thinkmeansbelieve, it is nonprogressive you pickMelissaupfrom school? Example:I thinkit will be a nice day tomorrow. When thinkexpresses thoughts that are going INSEPARABLE PHRASAL VERBS through a persons head, it can be progressive The noun follows the particle Example:I am thinkingabout what my brother told me. The noun never precedes the verb Phrasal Verbs drop byvisit informallykeep oncontinue doing eat outhave a meal in PAST PERFECT something a restaurant Used to express an activityExamples:I had fixedmy PC look likeresemble get bysurvive that happened before anotherbefore it worked. I had gone physically financially activity in the pastwhen John came over last night. run intomeet by get onenter a bus, I had eatenbefore we went Activity must be completed chance plane, train, for dinner. She had chosenher before a specific time in the elevatorrun outofuse the last of dress before she met him. past get offleave a bus,take afterresemble plane, train, take careofbe responsible elevator for someone get inenter a car, or something IMPERATIVE a line, a house wait forwait until Used to give commands andExamples:Turnright at the get out ofleave a car, someone instructionsstop sign. Shutthe door! a line, a house,something Openyour mouth, please. escape havingarrives or is Can also be used to make to dofinished with requestsNegative constructions: something something else Do not (dont)+ simple present The understood subject in of a verb imperative sentences is you Examples:I ran intoyour boss at the game. Wait foryour sister (e.g., subject is the person atExamples:Dontrun beside the after school, please. Lets drop bythe Coles house after dinner. whom the imperative ispool! Do notdrink and drive. Lisa always gets out of walking the dog. Ill get off the elevator directed) Please dontworry if Im late on the ground floor. She looks like her mother. night. I have a meeting. 20012012 Mindsource Technologies Inc. ENGLISH VERBS 1550805517 1 www.permacharts.com
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