Postcolonial cities- Singapore and ACCRA

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University of Toronto St. George
Diaspora and Transnational Studies
Kevin Lewis O' Neill

DTS200 Lecture #9 March 12, 2013 Postcolonial cities- Singapore and ACCRA - Some people call post-colonial cities as third world - Key terms and concepts o Spatial and cultural morphologies  What is the meaning of morphology?  Ex: the professor is running- this sentence has a noun (Professor) and a verb (is running). Every sentence has a component parts, but they differ between pronouns or adjective.  Every city has a spatial and cultural morphology, but to try to understand a city is to count for their special morphologies. o Land use and land use conversion  Land use means...  Ex: St George- from robarts library going up towards Bloor Street there is a row of residential houses than Innus College then an economic faculty. Now if you think about these different buildings represent different forms of land use. Then the library at certain times of the year draws to them a lot of people like during exams.  The alterations in the uses of land o Ex: how does a depressed neighbourhood be rejuvenated? There are signals of changes if you pay attention to change  Land use conversion has to do with the different conversion of land  Geographers use this as a distinction from green spaces and work spaces. And usually green spaces are changed into work spaces.  Depending on what city you are looking at there will be a difference between what is converted into what o Inter-digitations  This described mixed land uses  Any business zone has a mixture of business and residential- this is in Toronto for example  How the inter-digitations is shaped is based on what city you are looking at o Psychogeographies: the denizen, the visitor, and the immigrant  Every city has a psychogeographies  Every city has a different way in which is forms city monuments, some are public and private  Ex: graffiti  The psychogeography differs between the people living in the city and those visiting.  Ex: people from Winsor are excited by Young St.  Ex: people who occasionally visit Toronto have a different responds to Toronto than people who live here  The city means different things to different people in the same way as it means to the government- who thinks of cities as planned zones always concerned with planning. o Cities as hubs: theory of the megalopolis  Form the 1960s people started to think that it was a mistake to think that a city was an autonomous city but rather points of transfer between cultural ideas and capital in other cities.  Therefore the city becomes a hub  The other theory was a city as part of a congregation of other big cities  The theory was made to compare cities like New York, Boston and Philadelphia in terms of the exchange of labour, financial transactions.  The theory was quickly transferred to eastern Asia- certain cities as part of a nexus - Significant port cities today o Transhipment ports in order of volume as at 2011- in millions of TEUs, i.e... 20-foot equivalent units, a measure used for capacity in container transportations st o 1 : Shanghai, china: 31.74 o 2 : Singapore: 29.94 rd o 3 Hong Kong, China: 24. 38 o 4 : Shenzhen, China: 24.38 th o 11 : Rotterdam, Netherlands: 11.88 o 16 : Los Angeles th o The first 4, 3 are in China. And the first European one is 11 and the first north American is the 16th - Port cities: Singapore and Calcutta th o Both Singapore and Calcutta in the 19 century were major sea ports in the colonial nexus. They are important because they cleared a large volume of trade for the british empire o Differences though is that Singapore is an island and after independence became a city state o While Calcutta is not a sea port but a river port, and it is part of the state of India. o The geographical location of Singapore verses Calcutta depended on what was to come of it after independence. o Both products of imperialism: The East Indian Company o Major difference: Singapore was a seaport like Liverpool while Calcutta was a
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