DTS200 Lecture #6 Oct 16, 2012
- Talking about different kinds of metaphors to describe the world.
o Child sponsorship- communicates the transnational (crossing of national boundaries),
and provides an idea of the local. Internationalism- sense that there are distinct nations
in the world which relates to one another.
o Case study of child sponsorship- different analysts used to describe the world.
- Remittances: when a diaspora sends money back to the homeland. “a transfer of money by a
foreign...it is not just an economic exchange
o Scales of analysis
Not just about the exchange of money but the manipulation of
o In response to everyone being a rational object, but in reality “I don’t think I feel”
o Affect is an attention to way that feelings are affected
o i.e. child sponsorship: certain images which pull on affective cues that make you feel
o It is that feeling which accompanies remittances
- The numbers: 150 million migrants worldwide sent more than 300 billion dollars US to there
families around the world in 2006
- Approximately 10% of the worlds population benefits from remittances.
- More than 1.5 billion separate financial transactions take place annually, typically 100, 200, 200
at a time
o Remittances are a heartfelt practice which take place constantly
o It is the intimacy of the exchange which is appealing
- Money sent back home by migrants far exceeds international aid given to developing countries
o 300 billion dollars of remittances is a larger monetary development than any other in
- The map
o This map represents the direction of remittances- another way we can map the world
o It is regional- focuses on Latin America, Africa, and Asia, and Europe
o How much remittances move back to each different region. o How the economist discusses migration- a clip shown in class
I- basic facts: remittances are vital to entire countries. Remittances do not
always reach the poorest countries- this is because immigration is expensive.
Ii- look at the spacal metaphors used to talk about the movement of people and
What are some of the assumptions of this map: Russia, Asia, and Europe are all
separated therefore regional assumptions spoken in broad terms. Makes
distinctions between immigration and interregional immigration. Did not speak
of anyone leaving north America only people coming
Something which is very powerful- that migration is expensive and middle class
countries benefit the most.
- Points of connections and disconnections
o The idea of which countries benefit the most from migration and remittances.
o We are taking about 1.5 billion moments of remittances- exchanges of money around
o Important qualifications
Remittances are funds sent from one place to another...but they are
also “an investment in the fullest sense of the world, which includes
emotive investments- in places left behind”
“left behind”: child sponsorship, acultural modernity- left your own country and
now those still in the country are left behind (progress), it does not just me
temporal distancing but that you left someone or somebody behind and you are
somewhat responsible for. Longing nostalgia, co-ethnicticity
o Our foci...
1. Nostalgia (the past) and Yarning (the future)
The affect dimensions- longer for where you came from and looking
Affects of this mediation
2. Cultural as opposed to economic capital
All of this takes place because of affect
- I don’t think I feel
o Affect is similar to emotion or feeling but has much more to do with the body than
o There is a way you can look at remittances as a calculated effort- i.e. i am going to go to
the United States, work three jobs and save 80% and send money back to my family in
the home country. But migration and remittance involve feelings which is all affect
o Affect is bodily, but emotion isn’t it is very literary. Ex: to be bored could have some
affect but you only feel bored because of literary references.
o Affect is said is much more reactive and bodily than any of that
o Affect is raw, reactive sensation- you don’t think about it o Affect takes place before consciousness and before discourse- ex: bored is quiet
conscious, but being surprises, scared or nervous are pre-conscious and discourses-the
body is driving a sensation
o Examples of affect:
Hair standing on the back of a neck, the warm glow of holiday festivities, the
rush of enthusiasm at a political rally.
Ex: the first Obama campaign was straight up affect
o Affect does not say that everyone will feel the same, but we are cultivated in early life
that we will affect to things in different ways
o From the standpoint of affect, society is inscribed on our nervous system and in our
flesh before it appears in our consciousness.
Ex: Christmas season- music, smells, taste, cold weather. The ritual of it all is
suppose to invoke affect- a bodily reaction
The Christmas industry does this for a lot of reason, generate money, but the
point generally stands that we are part of society in which there are parts in
society were are affect is affected.
o Affect is pre0subjective without being pre-social
Pre-subjective in a sense that it is bodily and your body is reaction
It is entirely social
It is simply an analytic which asks us about the emotions and feelings affect
which motivates them to do so- yearn for their future, long for their past
The more we can understand affect we can understand remittances.
- What does this have to do with diaspora and transnationalism
o Diasporic subjects are feeling subjects
o They actually feel stuff
o “the name sake”
The story goes- this couple from India moves to NY and the emotional distances
that take place while they raise their child in this new world.
o For diaspora, the capacity to feel is just as indicative of humanity as the capacity to
Feeling of co-nationness- benefit’s theory is defined by feeling
o The study of diaspora has over looked feeling and emotion and remittances are too
indulged in the importance of money- this is what we have learned so far
Now we want to look at western union who manipulates feeling for something
i.e.: western Union what it was- late 19 century in American west, transfer of
money. How do they make money if they just move money? They charge fees.
They may connect people but they don’t do nothing much but that?