Diaspora, Modernity, Nation

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Diaspora and Transnational Studies
Course Code
Kevin Lewis O' Neill

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DTS200 Lecture #3 September 25th Wednesday, September 26th 3-5/ JHB100A-Graham Denyer Willis/ "Surviving a World of Violence: The Everyday of Police in Brazil" Methodological nationalism: a givenness to the state/nation-obscures 4 different things (Diaspora, borderland communities, cultural differences and variety and 'colonialism and post colonialism"..). Overcoming this process of reaffirming the social imaginary. -mn: 1:1:1 isomorphic relationship between nation, place and culture. (Address this in the essay) - Vocabulary: -Diaspora/Modernity/ Acultural Modernity/ Cultural Modernity/ Great Chain of Being/ Temporal Distancing -"How Diaspora becomes a problem for the nation and modernity" -main theme of today's class. *Diaspora: (capital D) associated with the Jewish Diaspora, becomes like a model for every other Diaspora. In DTS, the aim is to take different diasporas and conceptualize them...lose historical specificity/ decentering Diaspora from Jewish and African American studies/ *Diaspora-"A promiscuously capacious category" -exile -expatriation -postcoloniality -migrancy -globality -transnationality Malcolm X: What moments in the talk signals Diaspora? Metaphor, tropes, feelings. (You can't hate the roots of a tree) -Since we've been away/ in hating Africa we ended up hating ourselves/ in hating origins you hate yourself/ they very successfully made you and me hate our Africanness. / Our color became to us a prison confining from forward movement/ -the metaphor of the trees and roots: if can't respect roots cant respect yourself/ place of origins, homeland and host country/ a sense of disquietude: pronouns, "we" vs. "they", importance of seeking out membership of co-ethnicity/ "we": becomes those African Americans in the United States: power of indexicality, who counts as a we, who's a they, who's the "us". -1) Dispersal from an original homeland, often traumatically, to two or more foreign regions. (Traumatically: typical images of Diaspora of Jewish Diaspora and African slave-trade.) -why 2 or more: -not everyone staggers to the same place/ if there's further fragmentation, there's this need to develop a co-ethnicity 2) Alternatively, the expansion of a homeland in search of work, in pursuit of trade, or to further colonial ambitions. - 3) A collective memory or myth about the homeland. 4) An idealization of the ancestral home and a commitment to its maintenance. - 5) Development of a return movement. (People don't have to return to be counted as a Diaspora, but the idea needs to be there). - 6) A strong ethnic consciousness. (Diasporas can also be imagined). -popular representations of that Diaspora/ - geographically: spaces in the city, e.g. Little Italy, Chinatown. /-language/ traditions and holidays/ forming dialects particular to that region, distinguishing you from the homeland/ supporting home teams in sports/ food/ 7) a troubled relationship with the host country/ -facing discrimination - integration - antagonism - (great final project: listening to a relative complain about a host country lax moral practices) - cultural differences - 8) a sense of empathy and solidarity with co-ethnic members in other countries (the 2 or more foreign spaces thing). How social media develops a sense of empathy and solidarity with co-ethnic members as a final project. -Confusion over what counts as a Diaspora: -ppl born in Guatemala move to LA at the age of 2, deported back in their 20s. Does that count as a Diaspora? The move to LA, or the move back? *Victim Diaspora: The idea of dispersal following a traumatic event in the homeland, to two or more foreign destinations (Cohen: 2). -What about aboriginal people? They're in their homeland but their homeland is gone. -elimination of different tribes having their different cultures, and they're already nomadic customs/ would they find it politically efficient to use the language of Diaspora to explain their situation? Or is there another more efficient language? An interesting conversation between "indigenousness" and "Diaspora". *Trade Diaspora: a nation of socially interdependent, but spatially disperse communities, bounded together by a common commercial culture. vs. *Labor Diaspora: emigration in search
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