DTS200 Lecture #3 September 25th
Wednesday, September 26th 3-5/ JHB100A-Graham Denyer Willis/ "Surviving a World of Violence: The Everyday of
Police in Brazil"
Methodological nationalism: a givenness to the state/nation-obscures 4 different things (Diaspora, borderland
communities, cultural differences and variety and 'colonialism and post colonialism"..). Overcoming this process of
reaffirming the social imaginary.
-mn: 1:1:1 isomorphic relationship between nation, place and culture. (Address this in the essay)
-Diaspora/Modernity/ Acultural Modernity/ Cultural Modernity/ Great Chain of Being/ Temporal Distancing
-"How Diaspora becomes a problem for the nation and modernity" -main theme of today's class.
*Diaspora: (capital D) associated with the Jewish Diaspora, becomes like a model for every other Diaspora. In DTS,
the aim is to take different diasporas and conceptualize them...lose historical specificity/ decentering Diaspora
from Jewish and African American studies/
*Diaspora-"A promiscuously capacious category"
Malcolm X: What moments in the talk signals Diaspora? Metaphor, tropes, feelings. (You can't hate the roots of a
-Since we've been away/ in hating Africa we ended up hating ourselves/ in hating origins you hate yourself/ they
very successfully made you and me hate our Africanness. / Our color became to us a prison confining from forward
movement/ -the metaphor of the trees and roots: if can't respect roots cant respect yourself/ place of origins,
homeland and host country/ a sense of disquietude: pronouns, "we" vs. "they", importance of seeking out
membership of co-ethnicity/ "we": becomes those African Americans in the United States: power of indexicality,
who counts as a we, who's a they, who's the "us".
-1) Dispersal from an original homeland, often traumatically, to two or more foreign regions. (Traumatically:
typical images of Diaspora of Jewish Diaspora and African slave-trade.)
-why 2 or more: -not everyone staggers to the same place/ if there's further fragmentation, there's this need
to develop a co-ethnicity
2) Alternatively, the expansion of a homeland in search of work, in pursuit of trade, or to further colonial
3) A collective memory or myth about the homeland.
4) An idealization of the ancestral home and a commitment to its maintenance. -
5) Development of a return movement. (People don't have to return to be counted as a Diaspora, but the idea
needs to be there).
6) A strong ethnic consciousness. (Diasporas can also be imagined). -popular representations of that Diaspora/ -
geographically: spaces in the city, e.g. Little Italy, Chinatown. /-language/ traditions and holidays/ forming dialects
particular to that region, distinguishing you from the homeland/ supporting home teams in sports/ food/
7) a troubled relationship with the host country/ -facing discrimination - integration - antagonism - (great final
project: listening to a relative complain about a host country lax moral practices) - cultural differences -
8) a sense of empathy and solidarity with co-ethnic members in other countries (the 2 or more foreign spaces
thing). How social media develops a sense of empathy and solidarity with co-ethnic members as a final project.
-Confusion over what counts as a Diaspora: -ppl born in Guatemala move to LA at the age of 2, deported back in
their 20s. Does that count as a Diaspora? The move to LA, or the move back?
*Victim Diaspora: The idea of dispersal following a traumatic event in the homeland, to two or more foreign
destinations (Cohen: 2).
-What about aboriginal people? They're in their homeland but their homeland is gone. -elimination of different
tribes having their different cultures, and they're already nomadic customs/ would they find it politically efficient
to use the language of Diaspora to explain their situation? Or is there another more efficient language? An
interesting conversation between "indigenousness" and "Diaspora".
*Trade Diaspora: a nation of socially interdependent, but spatially disperse communities, bounded together by a
common commercial culture.
*Labor Diaspora: emigration in search