Indignity and Diaspora

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Published on 20 Apr 2013
School
UTSG
Department
Diaspora and Transnational Studies
Course
DTS200Y1
DTS200 Lecture #2(winter) Tuesday January 15, 2013
Indignity and Diaspora
- From Achebe’s Arrow of God (work of fiction) what we can take out of the chapter
o The confederate foundations of Umuaro (collection of villages) and the acephalous form
of political leadership
Confederation made up of different tribal groups with different authorities.
Acephalous means they don’t have heads, kings, or chiefs. The governments are
done through a collection of tribal heads therefore the government is based on
consensus,
First among equal.
Not a hierarchy
But, once a society is acephalous the way that they negotiate conflict
are different than top down societies.
o The incorporation of the landscape: market and river
landscape is spiritually incorporated into the world
The landscape is invested with spiritual content
o This is and example of aboriginal societies.
Ex: canada- landscape is something other than human
passages.
This is important because it is a shift from the European society
o Europe- landscape is empty, but in aboriginal societies this is
not the case
o The internal dynamic for leadership selection
“my father told me”- this is like putting what you are saying in quotation marks-
this gives the statement authority because your father would never tell you a
lie.
Ignores the implication that his people migrated from anywhere.
Nomads
Presents of colonialism
The different in account of perspective- nomaic vs. sedentary
o The debate between divine right and new meritocracy
o Timelines: nomadic vrs sedentary modes of settlement
Sedentary is opposite from nomadic
A wonderer- worse than migrants.
One is migrant power and one is claiming migration as a negative point.
We have a claim to the land because we are the sedentary ones not the
wonders.
The second account claims nothing to colonialism
It is colonialism which alters the tip for which people now claim land.
Migrants are opposite to indigent people
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o The hint of colonialism and the order of things
o The rhetoric and the contestation of knowledge
o The problematic of indignity
o These themes are ones which we can apply to almost every debate on aboriginality or
originality- who is in and who is out. Who is aboriginal and who is immigrant.
o The arguments are articulated from the insiders.
- Aboriginality / indigeniety
o Coming to a land, and claiming aboriginal is a major source of historical interest.
All aboriginal societies are part of history
Claim to firstness is historical
Claiming that the land is ours and yours
o One of several elements
Stereotype
Victimhood
o Land
Constitution of originate
o The notion of aboriginality cuts across cultures
Whether in Africa or Spain separatist clam a form of aboriginality- firstness.
o Ancients roots to the land.
No historical documents only stories
What we can say is that there was a series of immigrations.
They didn’t emerge from the earth
Every society is produced, but how far back- this is a subject of serious
debate.
o It is not just people it includes plants, animals, legal traditions etc...
- Some aboriginal classifications
o Anishinaabe: Ojibwe, Missaugauga, Nipisssing the Algonquin and the Odara (Ottawa)
o Inuit (known in European sources as Eskimos)
o Mi’kmaq
o The Huron-Wendat
o Iroquois/Haudenosaunee, also known as the fie nations: the Mohawk, Oneida, onodaga,
Cayuga and Seneca nations. Tucaruroa joins in 1722 to make them the six nations
o The nuu’chah’ nuth or Nootka of Vancouver island
o Metee: mixed race descendants of aboriginals and Europeans
Recently acquired first nation status
Very important
In other cultures called mixed race
- The history of canada and the terms of aboriginal tragedy
o Long history of interactions with Europe, from the Norse in ad 1000 to the English and
French of the 16th and 17th centuries
o Forging political and trade alliances and the gradual collapse of aboriginal authority
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Document Summary

From achebe"s arrow of god (work of fiction) what we can take out of the chapter: the confederate foundations of umuaro (collection of villages) and the acephalous form of political leadership. Confederation made up of different tribal groups with different authorities. Acephalous means they don"t have heads, kings, or chiefs. The governments are done through a collection of tribal heads therefore the government is based on consensus, But, once a society is acephalous the way that they negotiate conflict are different than top down societies: the incorporation of the landscape: market and river landscape is spiritually incorporated into the world. The landscape is invested with spiritual content: this is and example of aboriginal societies. Ex: canada- landscape is something other than human passages. This is important because it is a shift from the european society: europe- landscape is empty, but in aboriginal societies this is, the internal dynamic for leadership selection not the case.

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