DTS200Y1 Lecture Notes - Bloor Street, Gardiner Expressway, Robarts Library

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Published on 20 Apr 2013
School
UTSG
Department
Diaspora and Transnational Studies
Course
DTS200Y1
DTS200 Lecture #10 March 19, 2013
Toronto
- Many cities focus on the elites of a town therefore you get a lot of political history but also you
can find out about a city through its urban process especially through its road system.
- But also the changing demography of a city is important
- 3 general principles
o The relationship between spaces- specially means any space mentions should be
connected to anything else you know about space.
A spatial consciousness
o Another thing is about special morphology- the way things are arranged
- Settlement history
o The original settlement was a small settlement between Front Berkley Street, George st,
and duck st. It didn’t even go up to queen
o It was a small settlement on the lakeshore
o By 1794/96 the population was 241 people
Made of the loyalist settlers, who came to find land.
o Toronto of today is flat from the lakeshore until you get to about St. Clair Avenue. And
from St Clair it becomes to climb up. Now this flat and climb- topography of the city-
gives it certain features which are advantage and disadvantages.
Disadvantage was laying road
Advantage was the three major rivers but 2 are the most important
Humber River
Don River
The rivers were the water ways
o The ways in which the 2 rivers, Humber and Don, the sites of the old mills are now major
shopping districts. This is important to think about
You can make an analysis how these large shopping districts met
This happened in the early 1960s
Therefore the rivers are very important for trade in the settlement period
- Brief history
o Key protagonists of pre-settlement history: The Huron-Wendat, the Iroquois, the
Seneca’s, the Mississauga’s, French fur traders
o The name Toronto comes from the Iroquois word tkaronto, which means the place
where trees stand in the water. The Huron, earlier occupants of the land and displaced
in wars with the Iroquois, used to plant tree saplings at in the water to catch fish
o By 1665, a native settlement called Teiaiagon or Teyeyagon, was noted on French maps
at tkaronto, on the east side of the mouth of the Humber River, close to today’s Old
Mill. The settlement was also known by Europeans as the Toronto Carrying Place, and
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was a significant hub for French fur traders to undertake their journeys to the Heorgian
Bay and the Great Lakes, even as far as Mississippi. The settlement was also the base for
the Seneca’s and subsequently for the Mississauga’s who by the 1720s had displaced
them in war. The settlement also attracted Christian missionaries, including the Jesuits
and the sulpicians. The Toronto carrying place trail was a major portage rout in Ontario,
linking lake Ontario with the northern great lakes regions
o Of slightly less importance was another village called Ganatsekwyagon or
Ganatchakiagon by the Seneca’s, which lay on the bank of the Rouge River on the
today’s boundary between Toronto and Pickering
o Between the Humber and the Rouge lay the Don, which was once a magnificent river
navigable by canoe for at least 5 miles and famous for its salmon? The period saw
considerable traffic between Teiaiagon and Ganatsekwyagon, which also encouraged
their attraction to early traders
o The Gardiner Expressway, the 401 and the DVP formed the ancient road systems of the
aboriginal peoples, and grew from being trails to the large traffic roadways that they are
today
o The Ontario purchase was affected in 1787 for 1700 pounds and goods for which the
Mississauges of the Credit River conveyed title to a 14 mile stretch along the lakefront,
from today’s Scarborough westward past Humber to Etobicoke, and inland reaching
back some 28 miles. The new Loyalist settlers, led by Lieutenant General John Graves
Simoce, established a settlement on the coast of Lake Ontario and called it the Town of
York. The township was ransacked during the battle of York in 1812, and way renamed
Toronto in 1834. For Rouille or Fort Toronto, had been erected on the site of today’s
Exhibition Place by the French in 1751
o In 1791 the british province of Upper Canada was established with Toronto its capital
In the province of Ontario this fundamentally changed its status
- Some street names
o Principles of naming, by the early 20th century Toronto was a British Town. If you look
carefully you can still see Brutishness.
o Ex: Bloor St, named after Joseph Bloor (1788-1862) a brewer who lived at 100 Bloor St
West Bloor and Sheriff Jarvis laid out the village plots for the township of Yorkville in the
1830s. Bloor St was the northernmost limit of the city proper until the early 20th century
o Examples:
Christie St
College St, its original use 1829 was as a private avenue of approach to Kings
College, but was leased by the UofT, along with the University Ave, as public
streets in 1988
Berczy St
Dundas St
Jarvis St
Wellesly St
Yonge St
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Document Summary

Many cities focus on the elites of a town therefore you get a lot of political history but also you can find out about a city through its urban process especially through its road system. But also the changing demography of a city is important. 3 general principles: the relationship between spaces- specially means any space mentions should be connected to anything else you know about space. A spatial consciousness: another thing is about special morphology- the way things are arranged. Settlement history: the original settlement was a small settlement between front berkley street, george st, and duck st. It was a small settlement on the lakeshore: by 1794/96 the population was 241 people. Made of the loyalist settlers, who came to find land: toronto of today is flat from the lakeshore until you get to about st. clair avenue. And from st clair it becomes to climb up.

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