DTS200Y1 Lecture Notes - Cultural Tourism, Transnationalism, Wine Festival

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DTS200 Lecture #5 Oct 9, 2012
- T.A. Lecture- Jeannine Pitas
- Thursday 1:30-5pm- to see the TA for the short paper
- Tips for the essay:
o Refer to three readings; cite them using MLA or Chicago style; mention specific page
numbers and include works cited at the end
o Writ as if you were explaining the concepts of Diaspora and transnationalism to
someone unfamiliar with them
o Synthesize concepts from the class
o Make the essay your own; write in your own unique voice and use original exampled if
you can
o Check your grammar/style; see a writing tutor if necessary
o Essay should be double space and fit on one page; use as little paper as possible; no title
page is required.
Tourism and Transnationalism or Inverting the Tourist Gaze
- The readings she gave use was old 1976 but it was a classic work on tourism
- What does tourism have to do with Diaspora and Transnationalism?
o You want to explore the culture of where you are going
o It is a consent flow of people. Is it generally moving back and forth? There are defiantly
asymmetries of power going on in travel
o It could be called a temporary Diaspora because you are going to a place for a short
period of time
o It moves money there are some countries that are totally dependent for their survival
o It has a presupposition of metrological nationalism
Ex: presupposition of seeing a certain culture in a certain place i.e. French
culture in France
o People in a diaspora want to go back to the homeland maybe not permanently but they
visit the home land
o The idea of national identity; imagined community, when you visit a new country and
see a fellow citizen there from back home
o Diaspora and tourism can be related because members of a diasporic community travel
back to their home country
i.e. trying to find home
o in terms of temporary diaspora- not sure about that TA thinks it depends on the length
of the stay, but when people stay for a long period of time you can get ex-patriot
diasporas. Links with transnartionalism in terms of the movement of money and the
economic impact of tourism, and the asymmetries of power when some people are able
to travel and some are not
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not just the movement of people but ideas, markets, citizenship, technology,
modes of political organizations
- Modernity
o What does tourism have to do with modernity in terms of what we have learned from
Charles Taylor?
Seeking authenticity, tourism is a luxury and only a small amount of countries in
the world has tourists vs. tourism and this demonstrates the hierarchy of people
and their needs.
Can we really say we are more modern than other communities?
o “A move from traditional societies to societies organized around the processes of a
market industrial economy, secularization, democratization, and urbanization.”
o The myth of acultual modernity- the hierarchy of man
There is defiantly something like this going on in tourism. People who are at the
top think they are going to see something from the past and once they get there
this is where we see acultural modernity and cultural modernity.
We presuppose that we are at the top and are able to go back into the past- this
is something we go for in terms of authenticity in tourism, but maybe this
primitive idea may not be what they find but a culture alike theirs is what they
- Questions for today’s class
o Why do people engage in tourism? What are tourists looking for in the places they visit?
o Why do tourists dislike being tourists?
o Does tourism offer the possibility of symmetrical intercultural exchange and
understanding or is it domed to reinforce stereotypes?
TA does not have a answer to this question, but she leans towards the time
spent in a place and the ability to add onto stereotypes
- A definition of Tourism from Hosts and Guests (Valene Smith, Ed.)
o A tourist is a temporarily leisured person who voluntarily visits a place away from home
for the purpose of experiencing a change...as a form of leisure activity, tourism provides
alternative periods f work and relaxation”
o It has something to do with labour and leisure- that work is going on and there is
enough wealth that the worker has time for leisure
o Tourism=leisure time and discretionary income and local sanctions
o You have the time to go and travel somewhere and you the money to do that, local
sanctions determine what kind of tourism is appropriate- i.e. if you have time off and
the income to go away is a norm to go away? Local sanctions are tourism appropriate in
your cultural context and the type of tourism- plane vs. bus trip a desire to go
somewhere an tell people about it. Ex: in Europe it is common for people to travel by
train around Europe, but in the US traveling around the US by bus is strange and this has
to do with someone’s social class
o Categorizes for tourism
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