DTS200Y1 Lecture Notes - Child Sponsorship, Sociality, Economic Capital

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DTS200 Lecture #6 Oct 16, 2012
- Talking about different kinds of metaphors to describe the world.
o Child sponsorship- communicates the transnational (crossing of national boundaries),
and provides an idea of the local. Internationalism- sense that there are distinct nations
in the world which relates to one another.
o Case study of child sponsorship- different analysts used to describe the world.
Remittances
- Remittances: when a diaspora sends money back to the homeland. “a transfer of money by a
foreign...it is not just an economic exchange
o Scales of analysis
Local
Global
National
Stat
Tranantional
International
Diasporic
Affective
Not just about the exchange of money but the manipulation of
emotions
- Affect
o In response to everyone being a rational object, but in reality “I don’t think I feel”
o Affect is an attention to way that feelings are affected
o i.e. child sponsorship: certain images which pull on affective cues that make you feel
something.
o It is that feeling which accompanies remittances
- The numbers: 150 million migrants worldwide sent more than 300 billion dollars US to there
families around the world in 2006
- Approximately 10% of the worlds population benefits from remittances.
- More than 1.5 billion separate financial transactions take place annually, typically 100, 200, 200
at a time
o Remittances are a heartfelt practice which take place constantly
o It is the intimacy of the exchange which is appealing
- Money sent back home by migrants far exceeds international aid given to developing countries
o 300 billion dollars of remittances is a larger monetary development than any other in
the world
- The map
o This map represents the direction of remittances- another way we can map the world
o It is regional- focuses on Latin America, Africa, and Asia, and Europe
o How much remittances move back to each different region.
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o How the economist discusses migration- a clip shown in class
I- basic facts: remittances are vital to entire countries. Remittances do not
always reach the poorest countries- this is because immigration is expensive.
Ii- look at the spacal metaphors used to talk about the movement of people and
money:
What are some of the assumptions of this map: Russia, Asia, and Europe are all
separated therefore regional assumptions spoken in broad terms. Makes
distinctions between immigration and interregional immigration. Did not speak
of anyone leaving north America only people coming
Something which is very powerful- that migration is expensive and middle class
countries benefit the most.
- Points of connections and disconnections
o The idea of which countries benefit the most from migration and remittances.
o We are taking about 1.5 billion moments of remittances- exchanges of money around
the world
o Important qualifications
Burman 49-50
Remittances are funds sent from one place to another...but they are
also “an investment in the fullest sense of the world, which includes
emotive investments- in places left behind”
“left behind”: child sponsorship, acultural modernity- left your own country and
now those still in the country are left behind (progress), it does not just me
temporal distancing but that you left someone or somebody behind and you are
somewhat responsible for. Longing nostalgia, co-ethnicticity
o Our foci...
1. Nostalgia (the past) and Yarning (the future)
The affect dimensions- longer for where you came from and looking
forward
Affects of this mediation
2. Cultural as opposed to economic capital
All of this takes place because of affect
- I don’t think I feel
o Affect is similar to emotion or feeling but has much more to do with the body than
either
o There is a way you can look at remittances as a calculated effort- i.e. i am going to go to
the United States, work three jobs and save 80% and send money back to my family in
the home country. But migration and remittance involve feelings which is all affect
o Affect is bodily, but emotion isn’t it is very literary. Ex: to be bored could have some
affect but you only feel bored because of literary references.
o Affect is said is much more reactive and bodily than any of that
o Affect is raw, reactive sensation- you don’t think about it
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