EAS378H1 S Lecture Notes 4.docx

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East Asian Studies
Sean K.Callaghan

EAS378H1 S Lecture 4 th Tuesday January 29 , 2013 Time and Space Yonemoto’s Mapping Early Modern Japan Karatani’s The Discursive Space of Modern Japan Mid-term Era names, times, places, texts, readings, classes TIFF Cinemathèque – Retrospective The Sun in the Last Days of the Shogunate February 16 Time – Karatani Kojin Different worlds of time for Karatani Dealing with temporal consciousness travelling from modernity to early modern period Travelling backwards We begin from 0 AD and go in both directions to the past and the future We project ourselves forward into the future in science fiction We are waiting for this Messianic moment, the supposed end of the world For example 2012 and the apocalypse Time was designated by the emperor’s name Meiji, Taisho, Showa, One period and one emperor name that has a beginning and an ending 1970’s Different organization of signs if it’s Showa ’45 versus Meiji ‘45 General Nogi kills himself in Meiji ’45 expunging his desire to be proper to this martial aesthetic Meiji 45 = 1912 AD When you convert those years that Karatani notes into Christian years, it’s a totally different sense of history Moving into this period is moving into a completely different kind of thought and organization Presentism – historians imposing how the world works today on the past Ballad – star-crossed lovers, young boy transported into Sengoku-jidai, digital camera Our understanding of the modern world cannot register with the past If you could travel to 500 years ago in the Sengoku era you would go crazy Even our bodies would not be able to register with the environment of the past Our cyclicality is very fixed with January having 31 days every year But following the lunar calendar meant a more dynamic cycle The shogunate would fix these dates and times in a way that would be economically beneficial Eras of the time compared to modern era names were very short periods They were determined according to the shogunate and his inability to deal with the current issues When things started to go bad, that cycle was ended and a new era would be begun However, no fixed exact reason why particular eras started or ended when they did Confucian ideology made the ruler subject to the contingencies of his entire ruling Metsuke – government inspectors Panopticon (Foucoult) – making people believe that they’re always being watched prisoners cannot see how many guards there are or when they’re being watched they have to internalize their own surveillance system the individual is the subject of focus who needs to put himself in that tower, look back at himself, and then reorganize himself In Tokugawa period, people weren’t organized individually but by status Hall is arguing that the su
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