Class Notes (839,590)
Canada (511,419)
EAS100Y1 (38)
Lecture 2

week 2 lecture 2.docx

5 Pages
111 Views

Department
East Asian Studies
Course Code
EAS100Y1
Professor
David Chai

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 5 pages of the document.
Description
Week 2 Reading#1 The Tang Period - Taoism went through a great period of expansion, largely because ruler's last name was Li - claimed Laozi as an ancestor and elevated status of Daoism - Taoism's stated purpose was the establishment of a Great Peace throughout the empire - Rebellions were launched to restore an order that had been compromised by a failing dynasty or emperor from whom the mandate of heaven had been withdrawn - Gaozong claimed Laozi to be an incarnation of the Primordial Chaos - Xuanzong made Taoism an official teaching and incorporate it into the civil service exam - trying to harmonize the 3 teachings, Xuanzong wrote commentaries on Dimond Sutra, Classics of Filial Piety and Daodejing Lecture#2 Daoism - plays a very important role in the dev't of Chinese philosophy most importantly on Neo-Confucianism - not very philosophical but religious; in Tang Daoism is more popular on the local level than others - Neo-Confucianism borrows a lot of terms that emerged in this period - Chinese philosophy is about continuity rather than abrupt changes happened in vacuums (western) Gaozong: - reign relatively short compared to Kangxi and Qianlong - contribution to dev't of Taoist religion (moving away from philosophy)  Laozi's 2 names: Lao Dan, Li Er >> taboo because same last name with the royal family - said Li Er is actually their ancestor; trace family history all the way back to Laozi - give more legitimacy to his reign by relating to a famous philosophy; he's a patriot of Daoism - official support of the royal family, elevating status of Daoism classics higher than Confucianism - make Laozi their divine ancestor, make him a god and deified him and made him immortal - "Supreme Emperor of Primal Mystery" 台上玄元皇帝; doesn't really mean anything - made the Dao De Jing a part of the state curriculum, built Taoist temples >> more income - in the middle Tang it will add Zhuang Zi to the civil service exam - Daoist Canon: encyclopedia of all Daoism works, hundreds of texts; main text w/ diff. commentaries - btw there's also a Confucius Canon and a Buddhist Canon - priest given titles and ranks elevating them above Confucians such as Princes; promoting Daoism Xuanzong: - a continuation, he's an actual Daoist priest in the Shang Qing school - he invited scholars to come to the capital: Chang An & Luo Yang; academic meeting and lecture on Daoist philosophy - Dao De Jing was carved on stone (happened to Confucian classics in the Han dynasty), require every family to have a Daodejing Week 2 - he wrote a commentary on the Daodejing and the Yijing; expansion on the temple on a larger scale Relationship to Buddhist: - Daoist are strongly opposed to Confucian "unnatural" ideas; Buddhism was still relatively new, people thought it's a diff. branch - Buddhists borrowed a lot of Daoist vocabularies to gain support, since it needs to be translated they just use exited terms - both use charms, form ritual ceremonies, involved in medicine; Chinese medicine is rooted in Daoism; Yin-Yang & 5 elements - dev't alchemy, burning metal & mixing w/ medicinal products; most famous was gold >> seen as closest thing to heaven - sharing terms of Existence & Non-Existence; being & non-being; but means diff. thing - wu in Buddhism = emptiness, emptying out one's mind of consciousness, part of the purification - you = that of Buddha, the true Buddha; the heart, mind, Buddha - you in Daoism = everything, all living and non-living things; in time Buddhist work out new terms - ti = refers to the body of a thing/ substance, physical presence of you is the body; then there must has a use - yong = function, purpose - 3 heavens; 3 pure ones; 5 agents (Daoism) vs 4 agents (Buddhism) - Zhuangzi : Chaos (hundun); Dao gives birth to One, One gives birth to Two...One is Chaos; undifferentiated wholeness - how the being and non-being come together will determine the substance and its use >> Daoism - gan-ying: stimulus and response - the void: things are there but they are never really there  Buddhist when meditating, empty yourself of conscious, you are an empty thing, a shell in which Buddha enters  Daoism it's more about the state of one's being, ontology, existence, the nature of one's substance - during this time in order to distinguish Daoist w/ Buddhism, the Chinese started to make Dao into something else and becomes Li (Reason); in this time period it's refering to Dao as cause of the natural ordering of universe (can't be studied b/c changing) - in Neo-Confucianism, it became the natural ordering that can be studied and know only through human reason - as humans we have rational mind which allows us to think and makes us superior - Buddhism sees the truth of reality as a illusion where as Daoism sees it as freedom; 自由; how was it expressed? - where does Truth come from and who creates Truth? Truth as freedom doesn't come from humanity, but from Dao, only Dao - if we want to be free, it's not about using logic or scientific methodology, it's means joining & becoming one w/ Dao - it's freedom only when you accept that things exists the way they do because Dao allows them to be like that - chaos to being and non-being, that's the danger zone, the start of reason b/c of the dividing and extinguishing - when two to three you begin naming things, and further away from Dao because it's not one whole anymore - Buddhism says it's all empty and illusion, Daoist say you need to learn how to experience that oneness instead of dismiss it - Buddhism use quietism, sitting and meditating in order to meditate mind, Daoism use non-action, not using rational mind - everything in Daoism is about balance, harmony, everything always reach the middle ground: known as the middle way Week 2 - in Daoism: accepting right and wrong, being and non-bring, not choosing sides & accepts both; in Buddhism: denying both, - emphasize feminine quality as the good qualities, male as bright: display or show yourself, don't step back and let others do things, rigid, male is Yang and always have attributes as bright; feminine as soft, dark, hide yourself; able to preserve self - philosophies were dev't at a war time so it was about preserving life and survival, it goes on to the peace and prosperous time; king need to be in the dark to keep alive and let officials do things for him - daosim is to live life as long as possibly can; one way is to darken oneself, in the shadow; to let people forget about you - Buddhist: never ending cycle of birth and death until you are Enlightened and then you can enter heaven which is nirvana - Daoism: similar cycle of change and transformation, you are not reborn as your formal self, consciousness is totally different - die & go back to Dao, Qi is reborn; people mix Daoism & Buddhism and
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit