Class Notes (811,481)
Canada (494,754)
EAS103H1 (62)
Lecture 8

EAS103H1 Lecture 8: Culture, Writing, Mongols

4 Pages
Unlock Document

East Asian Studies
Linda Rui Feng

EAS103 – Lecture 8 • Literary Culture: • Poetry as a form of social language and creative ritual • Literary skill  civil service examinations  official posts • Warrior Regimes: • Goryeo (935-1392) • Wang Geon or posthumously King Taejo o He led a rebellion to found o Ten injunctions o There was a complete textbook of Buddhist canon, Buddhism was carved into wooden blocks of the Buddhist canon ▪ To evoke Buddhist blessings ▪ 52 million characters in total ▪ The founding king wants to stay true to his country “we should not strain ourselves unreasonably” • Culture, writing Learning • History of the Three kingdoms (1145) • Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms contains Buddhist legend from United Silla • First metal moveable type of writing • They were used by the royal family and nobility • It wasn’t a popular technology • Goryeo Celadon (ceramic) • Reach its own kind of artistic in height and incorporate a lot of artistic taste that is distinct from Chinese ceramics • Highly prized in China, and Chinese called it “First under heaven” • Power structure in Goryeo • Yangban o Audience with a king o Hereditary aristocracy, very durable institution o They were the major land, slave holders and figures of opposition to kings o He tried to consolidate his power by marrying his family into local lords, took 29 wives to be his queens o Local lords/ administration has a lot of power • Ruling class = civil and military officials o They were two major branches of ruling class o 1170 military takeover o Parallel development in Korean history • Foreign threats • Khitans: Liao dynasty (907-1125) north of China o Great rivalry, lots of nominate tribes • Jurchens: Jin Dynasty o Destroyed the Khitans but later destroyed by Mongols • Mongols • Heian aesthetics • Weakened central government o Branches of imperial family began to lose connection with the court o Some members of this family, because of failing revenues, some of the members got demoted to merely noble o So they were given new family names • Trained soldiers  rise of warrior class with own code of behavior (bushido) o No degree of leadership o They weren’t supported by the court, so family names emerged with clans • Genpei War • Taira vs. Minamoto clans o Taira was in the capital, Minamoto was in the East o War between two clans, one with power in court, one in the East o Independent region with military o In the end Minamoto’s won o After the victory, head of the clan decided to stay in the East areas o He led the imperial capital state there ▪ in japan, imperial power and imperial court ▪ headquarters became “tenth government” so we have this split ▪ symbolic power centered in the capital • Story of the war fold in Tale of the Heike •  Kamakura Japan (1185-1333) • The rise of the shogun, military power •
More Less

Related notes for EAS103H1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.