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Mongols + Goryeo Korea.docx

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Department
East Asian Studies
Course
EAS103H1
Professor
Lin Fang
Semester
Fall

Description
Mongols 11/09/2013 • Lived in tents called yurts • Mongol women learned to hunting, ride and fight for when the men went away to war so that they could  protect their families Tribes were groups of clans • • Chiefs would make decisions for the tribes • Chinggis= Genghis (1162­1227) • Master of art of war • 1206= was called the Great Khan • used Uighur Turks for the mongolian language • attacked Jin dynasty • died during invasion of the Xia state in 1226 due to illness • Ogodei : Chinggis third son became Great Khan • Gained power in Europe • Ogodei’s son: Khubilai Empire broke apart • • Mongols were superb archers and horsemen • Did not fight in traditional ways was open to new techniques • Used catapults, gunpowder projectiles  • They believed the purpose of warfare was to collect riches • Prisoners became slaves • Most famous person from Europe to visit Mongols= Marco Polo • Black Death also affected some parts of Asia because of trade • Goryeo Korea (935­1392) 11/09/2013 • Early Goryeo (935­1170) • Last king of Silla abdicated in 935 to Wang Geon= king of Goryeo dynasty • Wang Geon= king Taejo • Bone rank system for aristocracy was obsolete • Welcomed Confucian scholars into the government other than the True bone families • Built support by contributing to Buddhism and Confucianism, built many temples  • Gwangjong: • 949­975 • investigate slaves’ origins so illegal ones could be sent back to their states  • Chinese civil service examination style • 4  king: prebend system= allotting rights to collect taxes on specific tracks of land to appeal to  • aristocrats • centralizing measure based on tang and song models • After 1020, politics were dominated by a bunch of powerful clans • Gyeongwon Yi clan= 
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