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Lecture 12

EAS273H1 Lecture 12: City, Nation and War

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University of Toronto St. George
East Asian Studies
Yanfei Li

EAS273 Lecture 12 City, Nation and War The Nation-Centric Modern World • City becomes the target from the air • on the ground there are no ground work going on • universality of modern world system o in general, the state not only tries to claim homogenous race o that becomes the modern system [universal aspect] • nation state as agent of occupation and war-waging • “allies” and axis “Pacific Theatre” of WWII • Japan’s uneven Control over Asia prior to the war • North China and South China o North China –Japanese ruling [Manchuria] o Southern [Republic of China] o After 1931 • “Wars to feed the war” • Pre-aerial conflict: colonial and commercial areas in the “enemy country” o people from mix countries [even between enemy country] living in Shanghai/China because of the earlier colonial history, not war The “Theatrical Aspect” of the War • city and its buildings blocks became the sign or message of the nation o What is the symbolic icon of war? o implied audience which can be Americans or Europeans or anyone on earth City in the WWII City viewed from the air • air power was theorized as a strategy leading to quick victory by attacking the enemy nation’s industrial, political infrastructure, rather than purely military targets City as site of infrastructure to fuel the War • infrastructures and factories • transportation or railways • oil and machines • food and water Neighbourhood and targeted Aerial and landed violence • military and political importance of the locale • the civilians weren’t on the map Wartime Shanghai The international settlement of Shanghai • the occupied area • t
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