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Lecture 12

EAS396H1 Lecture 12: EAS396 Lecture 12

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University of Toronto St. George
East Asian Studies
Wen- Ching Sung

EAS396 Lecture 12 Internet and Self Key terms: Network Society, Internet Culture, Disruptive technology, Technological leapfrogging, Internet Addiction Disorder (IAD) Network Society • Manuel Castells: a society where the key social structures and activities are organized around electronically processed information networks • What are the political, economic, social and cultural changes caused by the spread of digital information and communications technologies (ICT) in China? Timeline of ICT in China • 1989: only few Chinese scientists had email connections with the outside world • 1994: the internet access only limited to a handful o but it became available for the society • 1996: the internet became available to the average urban consumer • Internet penetration rate in China: o 2002: 4.2% o 2012: 42.1% • Digital divide in terms of access to internet o coastal area: 28.9% penetration o minorities have the least percentage to access internet in China • China has access to internet later so younger people on average uses the internet Internet Culture • Entertainment superhighway (China) vs. information superhighway (West) o The distinction is problematic because entertainment and information is fluid because news can be entertainment for them • online communication and online entertainment are often intertwined in China • Says the internet focus on personal life, lifestyles and consumerism • Perceive strong distinction between ‘real world’ and ‘virtual world’ Technological Leapfrogging • ICT plays a significant role for the transform of the structure of economics • It means: move economic development forward rapidly by adopting modern technologies to skip intermediary steps o E.g., China access internet late: 1989 o cell phones skip landline phones o Leapfrogging in productively development by melding informationtization and industrialization ▪ in terms of sequence in mode of production, might evolve from agriculture to industrialization to informationtization o RF: The Third Wave by Alvin Toffler ▪ mode of production Disruptive Technologies • One that replaces an established technology and reform the industry or a product o e.g., PC o Email o Laptop computer, iPad o Smartphones o Cloud computin
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