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Lecture

EAS100Y1 Lecture Notes - Fubu, Toyotomi Hideyori, Edo Period


Department
East Asian Studies
Course Code
EAS100Y1
Professor
Sara Osenton

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EAS246 Lecture 1 JAN24/2013
Edo? Early Modern? Tokugawa?
- Early Modern (1568-1868) 1868 when Tokugawa shogunate ends
- Tokugawa Period (1608-1868) began when the Tokugawa shogunate actually began with Tokugawa Ieyasu;
when the actual system of power changed
- Edo Period (1616-1868) geographical explanation; when center of power/location of power moved from
Kyoto to Edo (modern Tokyo)
When the Edo period began there were 30 million people in Japan in 1616 large # of people living in a
small place
Feudal Map of Japan
- Has no Hokkaido or Okinawa smaller Japan than today
Warring States Period
- Unification of Japan began with Oda Nobunaga
Born in 1534 regional lord; he came from Nagoya; poor family
He was born in the midst of the warring states period war lasted for 100 years
Warring states began with Ashikaga and their problems with succession leading to civil war in
the country
By the time Nobu comes along, warring has consolidated to several larger areas that were
warring across the country by the mid-16th c., only a few daimyos survived ceaselessly
struggling for power across the country
While he proclaimed loyalty to Ashikaga, he worked on his own to unify the country using his motto:
Tenka Fubu extend the military throughout Japan
He was not a shogun, never! but he was important to bringing together this power system;
He didn’t accept the title of shogun and his only claim to power/leadership was his confidence to rule
and his military might
In 1582, he was assassinated by his vassal (Akemitsu Hide?) b/c he was killed he didn’t fully unified
Japan
Accomplishments
Disrupted the power held by temples temples at the time held a lot of power that can
influence decisions
i.e. Enryakuji in Mt. Heia involved in political/military intrigued burned to the
ground for siding against Nobunaga; slaughtered everyone, including women and
children (3000+ killed)
i.e. fought against the Ikō sect slaughtered
Saw the first arrival of Christianity
Lots of interests with traders/foreigners because they brought with them muskets
For a little while, Jesuits were tolerated as they come hand-in-hand with traders and
muskets
Arquebus/muskets slow to load and fire, have a range of 100 ft/m; therefore, not very good
and efficient
Firearms brought change in Japan; changed the face of samurai warfare traditional
way was imbued with valor, bravery, manliness, samurai values as two samurais fought
face to face; but with the introduction of firearms, you know have ranks of faceless
warriors facing other faceless samurais
Changes to the structure of the economy in Japan shows that not only was Nobu mighty, but
he was also organizing Japan; he wasn’t just ruthlessly killing people (reign of terror?) but he
was also attempting to organize a disunited Japan
Broke down guilds (associations of diff. kinds of producers nad merchants) stops the
nobles from having monopoly over goods, allowing for a freer movement of trade
Gets rid of the system of checkpoints, which, along trade routes stopped goods from
moving freely in Japan
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