Lecture Note for Nov. 4, 2010

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29 Nov 2010
School
Course
Professor
EAS217 2010-11-04
OISE t OI 2211
Roh Moo Hyun; Participatory government; High school graduate; Human Rights Lawyer (1980s~); DJ Kim
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- Roh Moo Hyun
o a high school graduate ร† against the political tradition (elites in leadership) ร†
changing society
o Later became a Human Rights Lawyer (1980s~)
๎‚ƒ Sympathetic to labours
๎‚ƒ 1980s ร† fighting against authoritarian regime
o Continued what DJ Kim established in terms of Northern policy t Sunshine Policy
o Strong advocate of Anti-Americanism
๎‚ƒ Conflicts with American government
๎‚ƒ Kowtow ร† Chinese way of showing respect/ submission to seniors
x Kneeling and bowing down
o Z}Z[๎‚๎€ƒ๎‚Œ๎€‚๎€š]๎€๎€‚o]๎‚u
๎‚ƒ Radical particularly against American relationship
o Ideological leftist
๎‚ƒ In Korea, ideological leftist = Pro-North Korea
๎‚ƒ Red ideology
x Red (๎‚†๎‚–๎‚‡) = colour of Communists
o Establishes a New trend/ culture of election
๎‚ƒ Traditionally, political money = comes from chaebul
๎‚ƒ Roh ร† Piggy banks election fund
x Support from general public
x Small money, but reached to the people (esp. to the young)
๎‚ƒ Netizen Support
o Netizen = younger generation
x ^E}๎‚๎€‚u}_๎€ƒ= ร ร”Cv รŒ๎€Š๎€œ๎€• ยป๎‚Ž_
o Tried to overcome parochialism = regionalism, school connections
o Generation division
๎‚ƒ generation 2030 (youth supported Roh) vs. gerontocracy
๎‚ƒ 386 Generation supported Roh
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o Are in their 30[s (age)
o Were educated in the 1980s
o Were born in 1960s
x Many people criticized 386 as being pro-socialist
x 386 generation ร† did not reform the society; called as hypocrties
๎‚ƒ Hanchongryun
x 1980s
x Korean Federation of the University Students
ยพ Roh[s government
o ^I will open a era, in which people are the President_
o Participatory govn[t ร† embrace public input in state affairs
ยพ Roh Moo Hyun
o Born in Kyungsang Province
๎‚ƒ Park Chung Hee, Chun Doo Hwan, Roh Tae Woo, Kim Young Sam
o Graduated from Pusan Commercial High School
๎‚ƒ Traditionally, ZCommercial high school[ ร† implies poor family background
o After being discharged from the army, self-studied hard to pass the National Bar
Examination, and served as a judge at Daejeon, and later began his carrier as Human
Rights Lawyer
o In 1987, was arrested in connection with illegal strikes of Daewoo, and his attorney
license was suspended
o In 1988, was elected as a National Assembly man from Pusan District
o In 1989, served as a member of a special committee investing political corruptions
during the 5th Republic
๎‚ƒ 5th Republic = Chun Doo Hwan
๎‚ƒ For political corruption and Kwangju Massacre, etc.
๎‚ƒ Gained popularity during questioning period(๎‚ร—c)
o Political connection with DJ Kim began around this time
๎‚ƒ Under Kim DJ, became a minister for marine affairs
o In 2002, was nominated as a presidential candidate for Millennium Democratic Party,
was elected as the 16th President (2003~2008)
x Received 48.31% of votes
x His opponent (Lee Hwe Chang) t 46.59%
o Lee[s view
๎‚ƒ preserve strong ties with Washington
๎‚ƒ Cut off Aid to North Korea
๎‚ƒ Viewed Kim DJ[s Sunshine policy as a failure
๎‚ƒ Country was divided
๎‚ƒ Voting rate t 70% = Lowest rate of participation
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