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Lecture

January 20 Lecture


Department
East Asian Studies
Course Code
EAS100Y1
Professor
Young Yoo

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EAS217
Jan. 20/11
1st Republic
- guaranteed basic rights and freedom
- however, there were some huge human rights issues
1948 (the same year as birth of ROK): huge human rights issue, i.e. Yosu Rebellion
- dictators violate human rights issue in order to maintain their power (occurs both in
Eastern as well as Western societies)
Constitution
Yosu Rebellion (C. K. pg. 13)
Human Rights  Dictators
NSL (National Security Law)* contrary to the policy of the government
- used NSL to drag the people who were contrary to the government; anything detrimental
to the government was considered violating human rights in the era of Seung-Man Rhee
- demise of 1st Republic in 1960s
* Detrimental to the Republic
2nd Republic
- tried to free the people under the notion of democracy and human rights
Newspaper 600 (1960) 1,600 (1961)
- 600 newspapers existed in 1960 and after the 1st Republic, the numbers increased to 1,600
Park Chung Hee
- he studied the Political Activists Reunification Law
Political Activists Reunification Law (2,641 purged)
- out of this law, he purged 2,641 politicians or anyone who were leaders of economy,
religion, etc.
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- he tried to get rid of anyone who were against him
* CIA
* NSL (Expanded)
- he expanded, strengthened the law initiated by Seung-Man Rhee, NSL, as well as the
new law created by him called Anti-Communist Law
* Anti-Communist Law (1961)
* a police state
- Parks era is known as a police state
* Yushin Constitution
* Unfair shore
1970s : Chon Tae-il Case
-during the 1970s, there existed an unfair share industrialization; people working long
hours (human rights issue)
- a factory worker named Chon Tae-il (), a teenage youth: committed suicide due to
difficulties he experienced at work; it appeared to the Korean people that politician and
religious leaders and academic scholars that it was an uncivilized way to treat workers in
the factories beginning of the manifestation of issues of human rights in Korean society
at this time
Chon Doo Hwan Era
- he was a military dictator; successor of Park Chung Hee
* Marcos Case
- president of the Philippines
- he was pushed out by the populists (huge demonstrations occurred) to kick him out of
government
- psychologically, this case threatened Mr.Chun; thus softening himself of politically
dictating the Korean society (notion of human rights issue)
1980s 1987 Park Chong Chul
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- human rights issue in South Korea exploded (“bombed) out of Park Chong Chuls case
- he was a university student who was killed by the police; but he was camouflaged (hidden)
by the police a huge issue!
- in 1987, human activists internationally, had their eyes on the Korean people on how they
treated the human rights issues (since this year was the one year before 1988 Seoul
Olympics) international exposure
- international pressure in terms of human rights issue Kim DJ was freed from house
arrest
* Seoul Olympics
* Kim DJ
* Myongdong Cathedral
- became a haven of human rights issue; anti-government demonstrations; used religious
areas (holy place; sanctuary) where people gathered in Myongdong
- 1988: moving towards positive human rights issue
Rohs government
* Seouls Olympics
* NCU popular vote
- from this time on, Roh was elected by popular vote (democratic, human way)
Sexual discrimination
Sexual harassment
- 1990s: changes in Korean society bearing fruit; people began to talk about sexual
harassment issue openly
1992 Samsung Case
- Samsung: chaebol; potential employees were not distinguished whether the individual was
man or woman; before this time, the male applicants were favored over female applicants 
significant year: 1992! (equal treatment)
1992 Happy Sarah
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