EAS103H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Kangxi Emperor, Qianlong Emperor, Soybean

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31 Aug 2017
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Silver became money
New World and Japan depended on silver (raw metal) to trade for luxury goods from
China
Silver economy connected 5 continents in world (Americas, Africa->Slave labor to get
silver, Asia, Europe)
Rise of silver economy
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Asia-Europe-Americas
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The beginnings of European presence
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Dutch East India Compant
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Jesuit missionaries and what they brought
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English term "barbarian" vs Chinese term for non-Chinese
Derived from ancient Greek expression
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Referred to "bar-bar"-> noises emitted by non-Greek speakers
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English
Term for non-Chinese
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Varied
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Often generic
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Language and culture = important -> defined those that weren't like them as barbarians
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Chinese
Original chinese term for "Southern-Barbarians"
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For Japanese: Europeans (mainly Portuguese/Spanish)
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"Nanban"
Helped with state-building projects (mapping the empire)
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Influential emperor from Qing
Got close to the Kangxi emperor (r. 1661-1722)
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Befriended Manchu emperor
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Helped Qing dynasty
Tutored emperor in western astronomy/math
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Jesuits in the Manchu court
Manchu
Mongolian
European
Han
Tibetan
Portrait involved:
Emperor Qianlong depicted as Buddhist deity
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Emperor Qianlong
What does it mean to think of the Qing as a multi-ethnic empire as opposed to a Chinese
dynasty? What are the consequences of a shift.
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Is the history of East Asia possible without Europe? How did the idea of an "East" vs "West"
develop?
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What were the long-term consequences of the Meiji political settlement?
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How is our understanding of the past shaped the fact that most history is written as national
history?
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Is the Cold War a single war or many regional wars? How did the Korean civil war shape the
political economy of the Cold War global order?
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Questions in EAS105
Lecture 10: Manchu and Beyond
December 6, 2016
10:17 AM
Lecture 10 Page 1
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