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Decline in Japan

East Asian Studies
Course Code
Andre Schmid

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Lecture 3
Tokagawa Ieyasu
-reunified Japan – there is peace in Japan, lack of conf lict
-First ruler of the edo period
-After 1600, there is settlement and allow the changes for what Hanely speaks of
How did he conquer people ?
-Daiymo would pledge loyalty to him, was allowed to maintain certain ter r itor ies
under there control (was trusted in many ways)
-Was de-centralized and feudal
- Tokawaga choose Edo (a f ishing village) to be the centre of power
-Daimyo had to travel to Tokyo and had to live in the same castle for certain period
of times
-Had to pay large t axes to the Tokagawa family
-Build Castle, were elaborate so that the money went into taxes, which stop the
building of military
-Portuguese were not allowed (because of the issue of missionaries) only Chinese,
Korean and Dutch were allowed to travel
What happened to the Samurai ?
-Began to lose their financial growth, they began to move to dif ferent work (go to
bureaucratic work), have the same , some lost all economic growth and turned to
farming, they head to the city (great equalizer: hide your status or elevate your
-Consider to be the literate class, Daimyo would go to the Samurai and have them
collect taxes for them because the Samurai were literate -> became tax collectors
Urban Development/Growth
-Banking develops -> Great merchant houses that would take a great deposit,
deposit money w ith them and get a promissory note,
-Shor tage of money in Daiymo -> encourage peasants to grow mulber r y for silk
-Genroku Period
-Establishment of a large Publishing\print culture/industry -> there were joke
books, manuals for painting, lyrics, poems, broad sheets, rating books -> rating of
cour tesans, kubuki
-Kubuki – rises and develop in to a major business (only in the city, not country)
-Growth of literacy
-Male on male love culture was very popular, credited to the publishing industry
-Popular segment due to the literacy of the people
Where is the trope of decline in Hanley ?
-You get almost no sense in Hanley’s paper as she speaks of Japans (Hanley does
not mention it all )
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