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Lecture 1: Feeding a Growing Population
The Manure pit is a treasure pot – A peasant saying
Fertilizer = farming
Why Rice?
-Is a staple food in many country
-Provided with water, produces 1/3 more product then wheat
-Has a much higher seed ratio
-Natural form of fertilization
-Rice is labour intensive
-Rice transplantation (planting spruce) – huge shift in cultivation
oGrow them and then pluck them out
oReplant – intense labour
Advantages
oShortens the growing season – can get 2 or 3 rice crops in a year
oDoubling the growing capacity
oImproves your rice seedlings – more choices to pick from (get the
healthiest crop)
oIrrigations
Reason why governments stop it, felt it was risky
Farmers had to take it upon themselves so they can make more
money
Irrigation – more water – changes the environment, example: new
diseases
Water fight – fight over water; controllment of water
oFertilizer development - night soil in Edo, Japan
Market for night soil was so development
Therefore China is able to sustain its over growing population because of their agriculture
technique
Big Question: To what point can this sustainability fall apart ?
Qiang China
- always extending its boundaries (expanding area, double the area of Ming dynasty)
- This is the dynasty where present day China’s boundaries are made
- Minority people get moves up to the mountains, Han Chinese gets moved in
- Potatoes, Peanuts, Tobacco comes in – grows in marginal land where Rice crop is
unavailable to be cultivated
- Turn to potatoes during drought
- Another way to sustain population
Change of diet
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Document Summary

The manure pit is a treasure pot a peasant saying: fertilizer = farming. Provided with water, produces 1/3 more product then wheat. Rice transplantation (planting spruce) huge shift in cultivation: grow them and then pluck them out, replant intense labour. Advantages: shortens the growing season can get 2 or 3 rice crops in a year, doubling the growing capacity, improves your rice seedlings more choices to pick from (get the healthiest crop, irrigations. reason why governments stop it, felt it was risky. farmers had to take it upon themselves so they can make more money. Irrigation more water changes the environment, example: new diseases. water fight fight over water; controllment of water: fertilizer development - night soil in edo, japan. market for night soil was so development. Therefore china is able to sustain its over growing population because of their agriculture technique. Always extending its boundaries (expanding area, double the area of ming dynasty)

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