Balsam fir- by Shi, Xia
What is it also referred as?
Canada Balsam, White fur, Sapin blanc
What are some characteristics of balsam fir?
The top portion of the conifer is shiny and the bottom is silvery. Balsam fir is a small to mid-sized
evergreen conifer. They are upright trees, which mean they stand still. Their height is about 15-
23m in height and can live up to a maximum age of 200 years. It is also a provincial tree of New
Brunswick. According to history, balsam fir has survived the ice age, which is fairly significant.
What is the taxonomy of this conifer?
Kingdom Plantae (plants)
Division Coniferophyta (Conifer)
What is their needle structure?
The needles are flat with dark green colour and it is about 2-3cm long (1in).
How does the cone look like?
There is a thin, closely overlapping fan-shaped scale ne