ENG100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Science Fiction Film, Andrei Tarkovsky, Roadside Picnic

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Published on 10 Apr 2013
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Term Test Info
no screening next week
test will be in first hour of lecture
films will be referenced on test, but mostly discussed in lectures
there may be a short answer question, but no essay question
Diegetic vs. Non-Diegetic Sound
diegetic sound sound that has its source in the narrative world of the film
non-diegetic sound sound that does not have an identifiable source in the characters’ world
Other Terms
optical soundtrack sound converted to electrical impulses, recorded alongside the image track for simultaneous
projection
digital sound techniques provide a much greater range, layers of sound; films accompanied with digital disc for
playback
Synchronous Sound
sound that is recorded during a scene or that is synchronized with the filmed images (such as dialogue in sync with
moving lips)
earliest experiment: Edison, 1895
first ―Talking Picture‖: The Jazz Singer, 1927
Voice
voiceover
overlapping dialogue
sound perspective the apparent location and distance of a sound source
tendency in mainstream film to prioritize dialogue in the sound mix; always sounds ―close‖
synchronization the visible coordination of the voice with the body from which it is emanatinganchors seamless
illusion of reality that Hollywood films strive for
sound important element of our understanding of realism
extremely important relationship between sound and space; helps to define a space
on-screen and off-screen sound
sound continuity strives for the unification of film meaning and experience by subordinating sound to the aims of the
narrative
direct sound sound captured directly from its source
postsynchronous sound recorded after the fact and then synchronized with onscreen sources
ADR (automatic dialogue replacement) actors watch footage and re-record lines to be dubbed into the soundtrack
foley artist generates live sound effects while watching projected film (footsteps, rustle of clothing, etc.)
sound bridge sound carried over a picture transition, or a sound belonging to the current scene playing before the
image appears
Stalker (Soviet Union, Andrei Tarkovsky, 1979)
based on the Russina novel Roadside Picnic, by Boris and Arkady Strugatsky, who also wrote the screenplay
music (original score) by Eduard Artemyev
o synthesizer soundtrack
Film Genres
categories with specific formulas, conventions (rules), and expectations
examples: The Hollywood Musical, The Western, The Romantic Comedy, The Horror Film
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Document Summary

No screening next week test will be in first hour of lecture. Term test info films will be referenced on test, but mostly discussed in lectures there may be a short answer question, but no essay question. Diegetic vs. non-diegetic sound diegetic sound sound that has its source in the narrative world of the film non-diegetic sound sound that does not have an identifiable source in the characters" world. Other terms optical soundtrack sound converted to electrical impulses, recorded alongside the image track for simultaneous projection digital sound techniques provide a much greater range, layers of sound; films accompanied with digital disc for playback. Synchronous sound sound that is recorded during a scene or that is synchronized with the filmed images (such as dialogue in sync with moving lips) earliest experiment: edison, 1895 first talking picture : the jazz singer, 1927 voiceover.

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