ENG100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Time-Lapse Photography, Orson Welles, Auteur Theory

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Published on 10 Apr 2013
Film on Film
film stock unexposed film consisting of a flexible backing and a light-sensitive emulsion
persistence of vision the eye’s retention of a visual imprint for approximately one-fifth to one-twentieth of a
second after the object has disappeared; as a result, the continuous projection of a series of still images at a rate
of 16 or more frames per second will give the illusion of movement
24 frames per second standard rate at which film is recorded and later projected
Film Studies: Methods
medium specificity “what is cinema”; “what should it do”
formal/stylistic readings
masters and masterpieces (one model of film history)
comparative and contextual readings
o genre study
o authorship (also “auteur theory”)
o film history as periodization
Hollywood studio system industrial practices of the large production (and, until 1948, distribution)
companies responsible for the kinds and quality of movies made in Hollywood from 1933 (vertical integration)
to the 1950s; the five major studios were MGM, Fox, Paramount, RKO, and Warner Bros
national cinemas
o Chungking Express in the context of Hong Kong Cinema, especially developments since 1970s
o Chungking Express as compared with French New Wave of the 1960s
The French “New Wave” (Nouvelle Vague)
post WWII, inspired by Italian neo-realism
new accessibility of hand-held, sync-sound 16mm film cameras (late 1950s/early 1960s)
struggle for personal expression
investigation of film form as a communication system
break with the past stylistic innovations
Breathless (A Bout de soufflé), (Jean-Luc Godard, 1959)
jump cuts, elliptical editing
location shooting highlights the city (Paris)
hand-held camera sense of freedom, documentary feel
playful references to Hollywood genres and movie stars
Auteur Theory
film as expression of individual artist (director), even in context of studio system
film bears creative imprint of the director, whether or not it is considered great work of art
films grouped by author reveal something about the personal style and preoccupations of that filmmaker
with this theory, French filmmakers and critics legitimized and recouped the work of Hollywood directors such
as John Ford, Orson Welles, Howard Hawks
Looking at Chungking Express
o color timing; filters (used in production or post-production; processing of image)
speed of motion (varying speed of recording slow or fast motion)
o the range of slow and sped-up motion in Chungking Express helps to explore the subjective nature of time
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