ENG150Y1 Lecture Notes - Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Immorality, Theodicy

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Published on 14 Apr 2013
School
UTSG
Department
English
Course
ENG150Y1
Professor
Voltaire, Candide(Lecture 1)
Romance
Mode
Beginning
Stable Situation Stable Situation
External Forces Loss, Separation Providential
(F Restoration of things lost, Reunion
Series of Trials
This is when the protagonists go through a u shape train of loss and gain. They begin the story then are
torn of everything that they have (Odysseus: losses everything) then they gain everything again
(Odysseus finds home and lives happily)
Candide: This is a romance where the events take their toll.
When Candide is going to save C___ with her brother, the brother moves away from
traditional Romance due to his own self importance
The story is a tragedy: The logic of Romance is emptied by a lot of its content? by having horrible things
happen to the characters. The purpose of the story is to shock and offend.
"Candide, ou l'optimisme"
Optimism
If all things happen because of certain reasons and causes, if thigns happen because of
Causal change, if God is all powerful (and god lies behind everything) and God is good,
All of his causal changes lead to something that is good.
o god works in mysterious ways
Theodicy: why bad things happen to good people, why God is kind of a dick
o Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz Theodicy (1710)
Parody of Leibniz philosophy in the book
o the basic idea behind optimism that Voltaire is also analogies that lies behind in
Romance; that things end providentially
Voltaire, Candide (Lecture 2)
"whatever is, is right" is Voltaire's impression of Alexander Pope, Essay on Man (1733)
Voltaire believes that Pope's view on optimism is not fully reasonable to every day.
Optimism is not consoling or useful in Voltaire's opinion.
"While Candid's own experiences cannot directly refute the proposition that partial ills are necessary
components of a universal good, over time they come to make that explanation sound unfeeling
and arrogant."
"Candide is less a formal philosophical refutation of providential reasoning than an insistence of the
moral bankruptcy of a short of Optimism that comforts no one and changes nothing for the
better."
-P. Stewart
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Document Summary

This is when the protagonists go through a u shape train of loss and gain. Providential torn of everything that they have (odysseus: losses everything) then they gain everything again (odysseus finds home and lives happily) Candide: this is a romance where the events take their toll. When candide is going to save c___ with her brother, the brother moves away from traditional romance due to his own self importance. The story is a tragedy: the logic of romance is emptied by a lot of its content? by having horrible things happen to the characters. The purpose of the story is to shock and offend. If all things happen because of certain reasons and causes, if thigns happen because of. Causal change, if god is all powerful (and god lies behind everything) and god is good, All of his causal changes lead to something that is good: god works in mysterious ways.

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