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ENG210 LEC02

Course Code
Michael Boughn

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Lecture 2
- Novel – tell stories of ordinary people (us), either singularly or a group, in a
specific setting/world (social worldin realistic sense)
oA long prose narrative
- Spiritual and mystical situations were what the narratives of the middle-ages were
mostly about
- Novel (definition in ENG210) – art form begins in 18th century arises from
particular historical and social circumstances
- Realism – a mode of writing that draws on the experience of an everyday
oMode – a central idea of the novel which is the origin, and defines the
difference between Crusoe and Pilgrim’s Progress
Allegorical figure “Christian” struggles in a spiritual world
- Realism – a literary movement that happens in 1830s
- Everyone thinks they’re modern
oUsed to define a historical change, describing historical culture (classical
period (Greece, Rome)) its dominance dies out, Feudalism,
Renaissance (modernity begins to emerge)
oPeriods = useless because there’s no point
oEconomics, politics, culture, and every aspect of people’s lives change
- Feudalism vs. Modernity vs. Post-modernity:
- Change took place from Feudalism to Modernity
- Feudalism symbolized substantius reasoning – church and aristocracy
oSubstantius reason: justice, beauty, truth
oIn modernity “substantius reason” breaks up
Beauty – turns to art
Truth – turns to science
Justice – turns to law
- Emergence of market more literate people new art forms (novels)
- Novel is given its authority when…
oPeople want to read about their own reality/lives
oA vehicle for representing and theorizing the changes of the “individual”
Makes a market world
Drives idea of democracy
Makes each institution operate
Institution – art, science, law
- Moves from where art is of an iconic figure of a spiritual reality where woman is
recognized as real woman
oIdea represented in icon
- Transformation of aspects take place irregularly (subtly) and the transformation
affects each other (takes place suddenly)
- Secularization (?) – growth of authority shifts from spiritual to social
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