ENG210 LEC11

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Published on 11 Oct 2011
School
UTSG
Department
English
Course
ENG210Y1
Lecture 11
- What is “self”?:
- From Crusoe: how is the “self” interpreted?
oAutonomous
oUniversally located as a substantial being: a work of God; world itself is
understood to be a work of God, and because humans are part of the
world, they are also a work of God
oNetwork of traditional relations that relocate a particular meaning of “self”
- Class – everyone is not equal; imposes order on soul, determines standing of
hierarchy as social networks of meaning
oIdentity determined by family, community as social networks of meaning
whose order is determined the identity of yourself
- Crusoe:
oRebels his identity, as his father tells him to fins something in this world
which will make him happy, which Crusoe defies
oReligious overtones are subordinated by explicit social dimensions
oCrusoe’s salvation is a material salvation, not religious salvation
oHis success is measured by his manipulation of nature and his
transformation of nature into an organized economic ground for his
existence
Has NOTHING to do with the divine by Crusoe’s mastery of
nature
oIn terms of “self” in relation to order
What is order?
Ex: Shakespeare in tragedies – violating the natural order;
Lady Macbeth
Ex: Shakespeare in comedies: weddings – bringing man
and woman together, re-establishing order as it is
NATURAL
oIf you violate order that the “self” is subjected to the repercussions
Souls who were born into a “order” naturally have to follow their
fates; however, if they break/violate that order, they are to come
across their punishments
The order is THERE in the world
oIn Crusoe’s world, the order arises form the “self” and the “self’s” ability
to master the world, and impose its order on the world – THIS is an
enormous change!
oA world where the way people thought of themselves was changing –
Defoe was in a world where the “self” was changing radically because of
transformations of history
“Robinson Crusoe” worked because it resonated with the change
occurring throughout history
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Document Summary

Class everyone is not equal; imposes order on soul, determines standing of hierarchy as social networks of meaning: identity determined by family, community as social networks of meaning whose order is determined the identity of yourself. Has nothing to do with the divine by crusoe"s mastery of nature: in terms of self in relation to order. What is order: ex: shakespeare in tragedies violating the natural order; Lady macbeth: ex: shakespeare in comedies: weddings bringing man and woman together, re-establishing order as it is. Natural: if you violate order that the self is subjected to the repercussions. Souls who were born into a order naturally have to follow their fates; however, if they break/violate that order, they are to come across their punishments. Defoe was in a world where the self was changing radically because of transformations of history. Creates a relationship based on contract and colonials. Revolutionary way of looking at the world.