Sept 17 2010
Modes of Representation
- Byzantine, 1300s
- Big changes (cultural or otherwise):
- European History, divisions:
o Classical (Rome, Greece)
o Medieval: fall of Rome to 14-15th BC- contrast of representation; the way it is organized
o Modern: what we are dealing with
- Painting of a virgin mary; Byzantine, 1300s.
o Figures represent a higher reality
o Not meant to portray the world we know but the spiritual world; here vs there
- Things start to change with Giotto, 1320:
o Realism, virgin mary looks like a woman!
- Dirck Bouts, 1465: the idea of representation shifts from 2D iconography into what we think of
- Æ formal realism
- Dutch were the forerunners of modernity
- Robinson Crusoe: introduces formal realism into long prose narrative
- Vanishing points begin to be introduced-illusion of 3 dimensional space
- Van Eyck, Van der Weyden, etc.
- Holy subjects then treated as being in the real world
- A shift in imagination of what constitutes ^the real_
- Piero della Francesco; 1400
- The notion of Madonna and child as common; Luca Cambiaso; c. 1550
- Ideas of democratic values, commonality.
- Caravaggio; c. 1600
- There is no such thing as the real in representation; they are manipulated in terms of meaning
- 1950s: the free imagination of gesture
- Robinson Crusoe:
o What do we mean by ^real_?
o 3 fundamental categories of human experience
o Self-space-time (all connected) Æ the way they are artfully and conventionally