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Lecture 3

ENG235H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Segway Pt, Willis Tower, Soul Eyes


Department
English
Course Code
ENG235H1
Professor
Andrew Lesk
Lecture
3

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1. Architecture of a graphic novel
2. Example of construction of a house out of a layout, example of a star sign
3. Reading symbols and conceptualizing things in your mind, filling in the rest with the
power of imagination and the mind and making interpretations
4. Ware's elements:
oWriting - different kinds of writing denote things, drawing, painting (eg. colour),
typography (eg. fonts), theatre, architecture
5. Ware's elements are combined in a near-algebraic equation
oInfluenced by splash pages - the way the entire page looks
Think about how everything works in conjunction
oGoing for the big picture, not focused on any individual panel or gutter
6. His older works influence Jimmy Corrigan
7. "Little Nemo in Slumberland" - use entire page as architectural layout
8. Art works in conjunction with the story (eg. Falling into another frame)
9. Playing with the page composition to compliment the story
10. Ware quote: "infinite ways to do a comic"
11. "Polly and her pals" - men in the comic look like piano when put together, and curved
lines are like following a conductor in a symphony
12. "Gasoline alley" - splash page giving the outline of the house, and within each panel, the
same 2 characters are duplicated
13. There is precedent for what Wales does in his books - the form is intentional
14. Early on, Ware decided to remove as much text as possible, allowing the art to speak for
itself
15. Test the way cartoon icons pass the eye
oIcons are often read as words (recall: Nancy)
16. Use of coloured typefaces to symbolize emotions
17. Jimmy Corrigan: "a bold experiment in reader tolerance"
18. The work has been described as 'a polyphony of space-time hallucinations'
oSlipping between reality and dreams of the various Corrigans
19. 'and emotional associations' - Jimmy wants a girlfriend more than anything
20. 'centering on loneliness'
21. 'and the birth of the modern world' - the World Fair
oJames was abandoned at the world fair - birth of loneliness
oModern world is supposed to be progressive, but many people in that book were
not well off
22. The Chicago World Fair was known for the birth of the serial killer
23. Cover art introduces a concern with paternity and love, which persists throughout the
book
24. Scene where Jimmy meets his dad for the first time: mirroring of images - like father, like
son
Pg. 117
25. Reversion back to childhood - he feels small, vulnerable
26. Red colour suggests negative emotions - anger, shame
27. Special attention drawn to "uh I guess" - colours Jimmy's hesitance
oAir is thick with redness, awkwardness
28. Border and sweater become green - green and red are complimentary
29. "uh I guess" is hard-hitting, just like a "pow" or "bang"

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30. Jimmy is both an adult and a child
oParadox of being an adult and being made to feel like a child
31. Text below red box is not in a speech bubble - did he say this? This space is usually
given to the omniscient narrator; Jimmy's speech is given credibility
oBut also, a disembodied feel - Jimmy doesn't own what he is saying (picture timid
speech)
Graphic punctuation
32. Words are put in gutters - they don't always make sense
Pg. 336
33. 4 corners anchor a cross filled with fantasy
Pg. 149
34. Flashback presented with cursive handwriting that floats among the panels
35. Speech balloon resembles a lung collapsing
36. James is playing in a locust tree
37. Meanwhile: accident occurs at World Fair
Pg. 150
38. The last letter of the alphabet - 'Zzzzzzz' - locust sounds
39. He sees Lake Michigan, not the ocean
40. The words "to the ocean" are in line with the horizon
41. The graphic punctuation "in the middle" is slightly off centre; there is no middle of the
alphabet (James thinks m is the middle, but the alphabet has an even number of characters)
oAs a metaphor: James's perceptions are slightly off centre
oChicago is in the Mid-West
42. The hair belongs to the red-haired girl
43. The hair also represents an umbilical cord - 'to which he clings like a rope'
o"in fancy" - infancy
oJames's connection to his mother
44. Rope - escape from loneliness, escape from attachment, escape from obsession with
the girl
45. Birth of modern world increased loneliness
46. Positions of text in tree and out in the open
47. 'end' - end of a life, end of the particular sequence
Pg. 210 (Jimmy playing with red-haired girl and the Italian kid)
48. Hide and seek, "secret" - there is a secret in the house
49. Connecting the dots of Jimmy makes a question mark
oWhat's the secret in the house?
50. Borrower re/uses signs/designs to create something new, usually by trial and error
51. Engineer deals in theoretical concepts to move beyond current possibilities
52. Ware's book has blueprints - they act as expositions themselves
oEg. P280-1: nice blueprint
oJames is wearing nightshirt - implies a dreamed past, a factor of uncertainty in
the narrative
Architecture reflects that - overlay is not perfectly symmetrical
53. Tension between word and image
oEg. p.117 (red background , "UH I GUESS")
54. Graphic punctuation
Pg. 210
55. Progress - things are moving forward
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