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Lecture 5

ENG239H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Abjection, Bowie Knife, Julia Kristeva


Department
English
Course Code
ENG239H1
Professor
Mike Johnstone
Lecture
5

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Lecture'5'–'Dracula,'Chapters'15327'
" vampire!as!a!threat!to!order!
" vampire!as!abject!
" vampire!as!a!threat!to!nation!and!race!
" vampire!as!destabilizing!truth!
!
The'Vampire'as'Abject'
!"#$%&'(#%)#*%&&%&+#,*-#*./0"(#&-10&2#,*-#/%"(,-&(#,*-3#/--,#0(#04&"%/05+#0(#disturbances,of,the,natural,
order6#7#8%-5#90&%55+#:*-#;*<5%(%=*3#%)#>%&&%&?#%&+#;0&02%@-(#%)#,*-#>-0&,#AB%.,5-21-+#CDDEF+#CG#
" characters!shiver!or!shudder!whenever!they!are!near!Dracula!
" represents!what!Dracula!is!
" disturbance!of!the!natural!order!
" Dracula’s!own!body!is!a!shifting!surface!–!never!stabilizing!as!a!human!
o Also!what!Dracula!does!to!other!bodies!!!especially!women!!!the!3!women!in!his!castle!
" Dracula!is!human,!but!also!more!than!human!
" Vampire!is!distinctly!a!monster!–!a!threat!as!a!monster!
" Vampire!destabilizes!what!is!normal!
" Underlies!the!characters!
!
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(*%%'#0"2#L.<K-&-2#0"2#,$<(,-2#<"#$<52#J%",%&,<%"(6#:*-#(*0&=#$*<,-#J*0/=-2#,%1-,*-&#,<55#,*-#5<=(#$-&-#J.,+#0"2#
,*-#/%.,*#$0(#(/-0&-2#$<,*#0#J&</(%"#)%0/6#O.,#I&,*.&#"-K-&#)05,-&-26#>-#5%%'-2#5<'-#0#)<1.&-#%)#:*%&#0(#*<(#
.",&-/45<"1#0&/#&%(-#0"2#)-55+#2&<K<"1#2--=-&#0"2#2--=-&#,*-#/-&J3P4-0&<"1#(,0'-+#$*<5(,#,*-#45%%2#)&%/#,*-#
=<-&J-2#*-0&,#$-55-2#0"2#(=.&,-2#.=#0&%."2#<,6#><(#)0J-#$0(#(-,+#0"2#*<1*#2.,3#(--/-2#,%#(*<"-#,*&%.1*#<,6#:*-#(<1*,#
%)#<,#10K-#.(#J%.&01-#(%#,*0,#%.&#K%<J-(#(--/-2#,%#&<"1#,*&%.1*#,*-#5<,,5-#K0.5,6Q#AR,%'-&#STE+#J*0=,-&#CGF#
" Arthur!has!legal!and!social!claim!over!Lucy’s!body!
" In!this!era,!the!man!DID!have!the!claim!when!she!married!him!
" Why!its!important!that!Arthur!does!this!
" All!the!characters!do!this!as!if!its!merciful!for!her!!!freeing!her!
" All!have!concrete!proof!that!Lucy!is!a!vampire!
" Sexual!connotations!are!present!in!this!excerpt!!
" Her!husbands!duty!of!her!body!
" High!duty!of!Arthur!!!duty!suggests!a!cultural!and!social!responsibility!
o He!also!should!have!been!protecting!her!!!so!now!he!has!to!take!care!of!the!consequences!
" As!a!vampire,!she!is!now!an!anomaly!in!nature!!!disturbance!in!the!natural!order!of!things!!!have!to!be!
handled!
" Lucy’s!death!amounts!to!a!gang!rape!!!men’s!attack!on!Lucy!
" Sex!and!gender!power!dynamic!–!men!in!particular!are!killing!Lucy!as!a!vampire!
" Lucy’s!sexuality!!!redness!of!her!!
" Lucy’s!new!sexual!agency!is!a!threat!
" They!are!rejecting!her!from!the!world!–!violent!
!
Julia'Kristeva,'Powers'of'Horror:'An'Essay'on'Abjection,'trans.'Leon'S.'Roudiez'
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