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Lecture 3

ENG239H1 Lecture 3: Lecture 3 – The Last Unicorn, chapters 11-14; Male Sterility and the Uncertain happy Ending.pdf


Department
English
Course Code
ENG239H1
Professor
Mike Johnstone
Lecture
3

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Lecture'3'–'The'Last'Unicorn,'chapters'11514;'Male'Sterility'and'the'Uncertain'happy'Ending'
" books!shifts!from!a!portal!fantasy!to!an!immersive!fantasy!
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Disruption'and'Subversion'of'Immersion'
“The!immersive!fantasy!is!a!fantasy!set!in!a!world!built!so!that!it!functions!on!all!levels!as!a'complete'world.'In!
order!to!do!this,!the!world!must!act!as!if!it!is!impervious'to'external'influence;!this!immunity!is!most!essential!
in!its!relationship!with!the!reader”5'!Farah!Mendlesohn,!Rhetorics*of*Fantasy!(Wesleyan!UP,!2008),!59'
" once!Schmendrick!and!Molly!joins!the!quest,!the!view!shifts!
" in!portal!fantasy,!protagonist!and!reader!is!equally!naive!about!the!new!world!!!rides!on!protagonists!
shoulders!and!experiences!what!they!experience!
o strange!and!unfamiliar!world!
" in!a!immersive!fantasy,!the!protagonist!is!familiar!with!the!world,!doesn’t!need!to!explain!or!explore!
o world!is!known!
o a!complete'world!!!sustained!by!rules!and!cultures!without!reference!to!another!world!
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Whatever* can* die* is* beautiful* —* more* beautiful* than* a* unicorn,* who* lives* forever,* and* who* is* the* most*
beautiful*creature*in*the*world.*Do*you*understand*me?"*
"No,"*she*said.*
The*magician*smiled*wearily.*"You*will.*!"#$%&'()'*+&',*"%-'.(*+'*+&'%&,*'"/'#,')".0'1)2'-"#'3#,*'4"'.(*+'
(*0'.+&*+&%'-"#'.(55'"%')".*If*you*want*to*find*your*people,*if*you*want*to*become*a*unicorn*again,*then*you*must*
follow* the* fairy* tale* to* King* Haggard's* castle,* and* wherever* else* it* chooses* to* take* you.* The* story* cannot* end*
without*the*princess."*
The*white*girl*said,*"I*will*not*go."*She*stepped*away,*her*body*wary*and*the*cold*hair*falling*down.*She*said,*
"I*am* no* princess,* no* mortal,*and* I* will* not* go.* Nothing*but* evil* has* happened* to* me* since* I* left* my*forest,*and*
nothing*but*evil*can*have*become*of*unicorns*in*this*country.*Give*me*my*true*shape*again,*and*I*will*return*to*my*
trees,* to* my* pool,* to* my* own* place.* !"#%' *15&' +1,' )"' 6".&%' "7&%' 3&.* I* am* a* unicorn.* I* am* the* last* unicorn."*
(Chapter*8,*page*152)*
" fairytale!demands!the!unicorn!to!go!to!Haggards!castle!
" Schemendrick:!you!are!in!the!story!with!the!rest!of!us!now!–!to!the!unicorn!
o “you!must!follow!the!fairytale”!“story!cannot!end!without!a!princess”!
o unicorn!has!taken!on!the!role!of!the!princess!in!the!fairytale!
o unicorn!resists!this!demand!Schendrick!places!on!her!
" unicorn!is!not!bound!by!rules!and!story!of!a!fairytale!Schemendrick!sees!
o not!resisting!Schmendricks!claim,!but!also!resisting!the!notion!of!what!it!means!to!be!a!princess!
in!a!fairytale!
" princess!is!a!human!mortal!idea!and!role!“I!am!a!unicorn.!I!am!the!last!unicorn”!
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"You*are*welcome*here,*sir*sorcerer,"*he*told*Schmendrick.*"Come*to*the*fire*and*tell*us*your*tale.*How*do*they*
speak*of*me*in*your*country?*What*have*you*heard*of*dashing*Captain*Cully*and*his*band*of*freemen8'917&'1'
*1:";<*(Chapter*5,*page*78)*
" setting!
" the!world!outside!her!forest!is!a!pseudo!medieval!world!–!default!historical!setting!for!a!lot!of!fantasies!
" in!chapter!6,!they!see!a!prince!and!princess!reading!a!magazine!–!no!magazines!at!those!“times”!
" disruption!of!immersion!into!their!world!
" not!a!usual!fairytale,!so!we!shouldn’t!expect!the!story!to!play!out!as!a!fairytale!
" alerts!the!reader!to!not!expect!a!fairytale!reading!
" also!reminding!you!why!the!unicorn!does!not!look!like!what!you!think!it!looks!like!
" wakes!the!reader!up!
" Beagle!giving!you!one!story!on!the!surface,!but!also!another!on!the!bottom!
" Make!connections!to!our!own!world!even!though!this!is!a!fairytale!
" Barrier!between!our!world!and!their!world!may!bleed!into!each!other!
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Haggard’s'Land'
“Typically!the!quest!or!portal!fantasy!begins!with!a!sense!of!stability!that!is!revealed!to!be!the!stability!of!a!
thinned'land…!and!concludes!with!restoration!rather!than!instauration'(the!making!over!of!the!world).!Most!
portal"quest!fantasies!associate!the!king'with!the!well"being!of!the!land,!and!the!conditions!of!the!land!with!the!
morality!of!the!place.”!–!Farah!Mendlesohn,!Rhetorics*of*Fantasy!(Wesleyan!UP,!2008),!3!
" the!king!and!his!land!is!intimately!connected!
" mirrors!the!kinds!physical,!psychological,!and!moral!condition!
" spring!returns!to!the!land!once!Haggard’s!castle!falls!
" Haggard’s!castle!and!Hags!gate!=!thinned!land!
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The*rind*of*the*country*:%1:=&2,*and*the*flesh*of*it*peeled*back*into*gullies*and*ravines*or*,+%(7&2*into*scabby*hills.*
(106,*chapter*6)*
Their*villages*lay*>152*as*bones*between*=)(/&5(=&*hills…(106,*chapter*6)*
Then,*one*owlUless*1#*#3)*evening,*they*rounded*a*ridge*and*saw*the*castle*(107,*chapter*6)*
[….]**+()'1)2'*.(,*&2,*bristling*with**+%")-'turrets,*dark*and*?144&2@;:%""=&2*towers…*
" autumn!is!a!time!of!dying!
" castle!signifies!Haggard’s!age!and!sterility!
" not!in!good!condition!
" Hagsgate!is!a!dying!town!!!no!children!!!no!reproduction!
“All*sorrow*parts*to*go*around*us**and*this*has*come*about*while*the*rest*of*the*realm,*once*so*green,*has*
shriveled*to*cinders*under*Haggard's*hand.”*
"Any*woman*that*would*marry*Haggard,*even*Haggard*would*refuse.*He*gave*out*the*tale*that*the*boy*was*a*
nephew,*whom*he*graciously*adopted*on*the*death*of*his*parents.*But*Haggard*has*no*relatives,*no*family.”*
I*think*we*will*leave*the*curse*the*way*it*is.*If*it*were*lifted*we*might*not*become*poor*again,*but*we*would*no*
longer*grow*steadily*richer,*and*that*would*be*just*as*bad.*No,*our*real*task*is*to*keep*Haggard's*tower*from*
falling…”*
It*was*Haggard*who*took*the*child.*I*am*as*certain*of*it*as*I*am*certain*that*Prince*L'ir*is*the*one*who*will*topple*
the*tower*and*sink*Haggard*and*Hagsgate*together.”*
" Haggard!does!not!have!a!family!
" Or!even!have!a!prince!!!stole!the!prince!from!Hagsgate!
" Refused!marriage!and!family!
" Haggard’s!tower!reflects!the!condition!of!masculine!authority!!!twisted,!crooked,!unstable!
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You*are*the*king*of*a*wasted*land*where*there*has*never*been*any*king*but*fear.*Your*true*task*has*just*begun….”*
“For,*very*slowly,*spring*was*coming*to*the*barren*country*that*had*been*Haggard's.*A*stranger*would*not*have*
noticed*the*change,*but*Molly*could*see*that*the*withered*earth*was*brightening*with*a*greenness*as*shy*as*smoke.”*
" chapter!14!
" imprisoning!of!the!unicorns,!Haggards!sterility!–!Fisher!king’s!story!
" Haggard!drives!the!world!to!entropy!
" You!are!the!kind!of!a!wasted!land!–!reinforces!the!connection!between!a!king!and!his!land!
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For*although*men*now*attributed*the*annual*cycle*of*change*primarily*to*corresponding*changes*in*their*deities,*
they*still*thought*that*by*performing*certain*magical*rites*they*could*aid*the*god*who*was*the*principle*of*life,*in*his*
struggle*with*the*opposing*principle*of*death.*They*imagined*that*they*could*recruit*his*failing*energies*and*even*
raise*him*from*the*dead.*The*ceremonies*which*they*observed*for*this*purpose*were*in*substance*a*dramatic*
representation*of*the*natural*processes*which*they*wished*to*facilitate;*for*it*is*a*familiar*tenet*of*magic*that*you*
can*produce*any*desired*effect*by*merely*imitating*it.*And*as*they*now*explained*the*fluctuations*of*growth*and*
decay,*of*reproduction*and*dissolution,*by*the*marriage,*the*death,*and*the*rebirth*or*revival*of*the*gods,*their*
religious*or*rather*magical*dramas*turned*in*great*measure*on*these*themes.*They*set*forth*the*fruitful*union*of*the*
powers*of*fertility,*the*sad*death*of*one*at*least*of*the*divine*partners,*and*his*joyful*resurrection.*Thus*a*religious*
theory*was*blended*with*a*magical*practice.*The*combination*is*familiar*in*history.*Indeed,*few*religions*have*ever*
succeeded*in*wholly*extricating*themselves*from*the*old*trammels*of*magic.*The*inconsistency*of*acting*on*two*
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